FCM Live Blog – Halifax 2018

(Latest updates at top)

3:30PM Sunday Final update from the floor

We completed the election of the board members for FCM then there was an panel discussion  on what Canada and municipalitirs will look like in 20 years.

David Colleto. “Canada in 2040” The Demographics Story.

Millenials are now the largest group.

Technological and demographic and generational change happening together are causing very unique new issues.

Immigration will be required in order for Canadian population to grow.

Average age in 10 years of indigenous peoples in Canada will be 40. Ten years younger than general population.

Seniors, boomers, demographic will grow hugely and be up to 2 million over 85. We will need to take care of them.

Next speaker – Paul –

Speaking strongly on the challenges that will occur mainly from climate change but other reasons as well on refugees.

Poverty reduction is a huge way to help retain community resilience.

”Deepening Community”


We will welcome 7 Million refugees if demographics go “as planned” in next 25 years.  Far far more if climate change accelerated. The ideas of borders will be challenged. Do we build walls or be inclusive and welcoming.

Next Speaker – Shawna – On Mobility

Autonomous vehicles, ride hailing, other tech is disrupting all transportation systems.

There are 11 major ride hailing companies in world (worth $1B collectively). None are headquartered in Canada.  We have an opportunity to attract talent and opportunity and jobs.


Should municipalities become more active in community action?


Fun exercise, we were asked to give a one word fill in the blank by text to build a word cloud.

The audience was asked about which topics would be most important in the next 20 years.  Inclusivity won, but the point was made that really the answer is all three.


10:50AM Sunday Elizabeth May Speech

Her talk has been hilarious so far, on Trump and trade wars. Tune in!

”When you walk into a room with a hand grenade with a loose pin (Trump) your number one goal is to walk out again.”.

Excellent short talk and then answers to questions.

8:30AM-10AM Sunday morning FCM AGM

We get into the actual annual general meeting for the FCM this morning. We will be mainly going through the reports from board members and financials of the organization and then electing board members to represent regions across the country.

Numbers on attendance to the conference. 2118 delegates, 3545 with trade show and others participating in the conference.

Today’s question to test the electronic…

The best comment from the podium this morning:

”This is the first conference to be held in both summer and winter”.  (It was quite hot the first 3 days but the maritime wind has blown hard the past two!)



3:30PM -5:30PM – Youth Forum

Completely full house including a number of  Mayors and NDP Leader Jagmeet SIngh.

Our host is a young (28) director from Halifax, Lyndell Smith: “We have to have young people at the table.”

He is the moderator/question poser.

”You have to be a credible messenger”.

Marie-Eve Plante-Hébert (29), Councillor, Ville de La Prairie, QC •

The reality and challenges for young people who are 15 are different than those who are 25. We don’t learn ar school how to work with municipal government. So she took it upon herself to help teach and bring the government to houth so they could learn how to engage. (Gave an example of a skate park).

She also participates on a provincial municipal committee in Quebec that looks at ways to engage women and young people in both voting and running in elections.

There is a program to connect youth with municipality and with jobs as well.

“Simple Plan” From Association of Quebec municipalities.

Thomàs Talamanté who works in the City if Washingto D.C. (29) as liaison between the City and Congresswho also worked on Obama’s campaign.

Gives an example of creating opportunities to engage youth (listening tours) not just on youth issues but all issues. You will find them more often at City Council advocating for their issues, and for all issues.

Need also for Cities to become advocates for youth issues so they feel their issues matter.

The more you do engaging through social media, the more you will see diversity of people and opinion.

”It isn’t your diversity of a city that makes you a leader it is your city embracing of that diversity.”

There are working toward statehood and voting representation and are engaging and using youth to help that because they are very engaged in the topic already. Excellent organic, youth led and activist movement.

Five year olds in D.C. now know they don’t have voting rights due to youth activism and work and funding from the city.

You have to hire young people and trust them. (Gives example of 20-25 year olds who were trusted by Obama to run his campaign and are now mayors, councillors, congress.


A youth from Halifax who works for the North End Community Action Committee. A group that is actially advocating for african-nova scotian issues and trying to ensure the community and culture that exists in the North end (which was a transplant of Afric-Ville). He has become interested in local government through that.

He doesn’t want to speak and engage with “old white people” you need to engage with people from the community to really get people out of their shell especially for “youth youth” (12-25).


David Rauch, Open City and Technology Strategic Planner, City of Edmonton, AB.

Talking a lot about how you can use technology to engage youth and also to give them jobs and training on the job in developing new technology and apps.

Mayor Nenshi from the audience makes a point that maybe social media is not the place to engage youth in politics. (“Twitter is a cesspool”). Maybe 2010 was the time, but not now.

Mayor of Saint John made the point that maybe we need to keep it simple and just make sure we don’t talk down to youth.

2:00PM – Tradeshow, Late Lunch, and Surprise!

Well, this happened!

It was great that he remembered meeting my daughter at ADSS when he came and visited a few months back with Gord Johns. He is a genuinely nice guy.. and he was outside a little later walking casually down the very pedestrian friendly Argyle (that’s the street in front of the Convention Centre!) St.

Perhaps a model to look at for our Uptown near Argyle area? 🙂

One of the more interesting things at these conferences is the Trade Show, and the FCM Trade is the best one of all the trade shows at these types of conferences. It is a huge variety of people and companies.

One of the first booths I came across had a cool electronic voting machine that is touch screen and so very accessible for all users.  It produces a ballot that can then be counted like our ballots do.

10:15AM Saturday Jagmeet Singh.

The FCM Facebook page has a livestream of his speech and sitdown forum.

He is speaking on infrastructure first. Spoke strongly in favour od maintaining publicly owned infrastructure rather than privatization. Public owned airports, public owned electricity and most of all public owned access to high speed broadband internet across Canada.

Now speaking to opioid and drug addiction crisis and decriminilization of hard drugs.

Touched on Climate Change, Affordable Housing and closing tax loopholes and ineqalities.


8AM – 9AM Plenary – Six resolutions

FCM generally has very few resolutions because they weed out things to things that are very clearly federal plus municipal issues.

The first resolution was from the Regional District of Nanaimo on Ocean plastics.

I voted in favour.

Bill Veenhoff, Chair of RDN, spoke to it and it was carried easily.

The second resolution was on Climate Change to urge the Feds to meet their Paris targets and partner with municipalities more directly.  Mayor Iveson of Edmonton was sponsor.


There was one notable speaker who I videoed who presented common myths about climate change. Thankfully, the resolution passed strongly. I will post the video later.

I had to record his comments. They were stunning.

I voted in favour. It passed strongly though this just progress, in the past (Winnipeg 2016) these resolutions have only passed in the 50s.

Third Resolution is on Species at Risk… but there is some controversy because it appears this resolution takes away protections for land habitat.

The northern alberta delegates are advocating for this motion and against protection of 1.5 million hectares of cariboo habitat. They want to be able to develop industry on the lands.

I voted against. It passed strongly.

The fourth resolution is on International Trade.

I voted in favour, it passed easily.

Fifth Resolution is on Policy tools for solving rural challenges and creating a “rural lens” to establish impacts from federal policy.

I missed a picture of the vote but I voted in favour and it passed with over 90%.


Last Resolution: on creating Federal Active Transportation Plan with municipalities.

Sponsored by Nova Scotia federation of municipalities and their Active Transportation committee.

There was an amendment passed to strike the whereas clause on conducting research with the justification that there is ample research and best practice out there and that we needed decisive action from the federal government to create a national policy as other countries have.  I voted in favour and it passed easily.



That was it for the plenary and resolutions. Next major event with be a speech from Jagmeet Singh.


1:30PM Friday  – Library Tour. (Will include pictures later)

Library tour – very different philosophy to libraries from traditional.

Used to be large collection of books, rules about food or drink or talking.

this is a social space, designed to come together. Small concert space See teens playing video games. University students working in groups and teams. All social spaces.


Hold public engagement… rooms heavily used.

Construction in May/Opened in 2014 – Budgeted at $55M came in under budget. 130,000 square feet. City supplied land. $12M Fed fund, $11M, and the rest was municipal, mainly from land sale.  Delayed land sale until after library built so that could take advantage of high price because people wanted to build next door.

Costs $6M/yr to operate (80 staff). About 1-2% per year growth. About 80% funded by municipality.

Used “Construction Management Delivery Management” – Fixed Fee for Management company architects and builders collaborate during design as team.

$10M for “soft costs”. About $330/sqft for hard cost.  Don’t talk about capital costs because it puts you “into hole”.  Plan for 50 year with 25 year renovation (which should cost near same).  They used materials that would last 50-100 years.  Europe builds for 300 years.

Achieved $5-6M in donations from both large and small donors.

There also private commercial vendors on contract to City two coffees.

Extensive public consulation. Not as much input from Council. Public demanded music as it is part of culture of Nova Scotia… was not in original plans. Now have two recording studios.

High level of trust of Council to staff to ensure “we have a budget we will stay under… you let us manage it”.

Projected use: 300,000 in previous facility. 600,000 projections. 2M first year. 1.5M plateau.

You will see 15-25 year olds using the space. Benefit of community input.

Parking: (you can never make it work) 88 spots… revenue generator, but chose to build more library versus parking.

On homeless or addicted “problems”.  All peopl are welcome. The open space makes for safe feeling. There is no traditional security. Security officials walk around freely and make relationships with those in need. Engaging with them and has helped to keep security issues very rare. Also now hiring a social worker to provide support when needed.

Totally different philosophy…. open. welcoming, loud, creative, beautiful, inspiring. Books are almost secondary.

Opposition stems from “why do we need a big library. We dont need books anymore”.  They don’t realize the library space is completely different, when they engage and esp. when they see result, it is so much better.

Update 11:45AM Friday: Workshop : Tech & The Future of Public Engagement.

5G is coming from Rogers…. (workshop is sponsored by Rogers). Requires far more towers or end points. Points will be on light standards and other small places. Not towers.

Panelists (Mayor Arnold of Moncton and Bowman of Winnipeg and a city planner);

Talking mainly about things like water and sewer integration with city tech systems for better management. Also Mayor of Winnipeg talking about Waze like system where people can report things like potholes in real time in order to fix very quickly.

Also, WIFI on the bus, Mayor of Moncton says they have had wifi on the bus since 2007.

Bowman of Winnipeg has an “Office of Citizen Engagement”.

On Planning

How do you get people excited about planning??

”Visual Preference Survey” Have to really push the tools on Social Media to have any engagement work now.

On property tax

Bowman notes that Property Tax system needs to be reformed (removed). Era of large warehouse or industrial property subsidizing loval gov is over.

On Decision making.

Getting the Data out there and open and public. Harder to ignore and make poor decisions if open data and information is there for public.

More proactive watching and posting publicly of ongoing projects to show numbers and costs near real time. It avoids surprises and anger.

questions – What Role for Local Gov on Participatory engamgement

Live Stream *all* committee meetings.

But, if you put everything online, you must communicate it. Data is not enough. Has to be user friendly and digestible.

Find the balance between open and always engaging, and people being “elected to make decisions”. Bowman uses “Gecko Board”…. to measure and see facebook and social media trends. Social Media must be used to listen almost more than engage…..

You still need ads in the paper.

Join the FCM Innovation Network. 

Off now to Study Tour to the Central library hopefully!



Friday Morning Trudeau Speech live now.




Midnight Thursday – before I head to bed…

This is a heads up to inform you that I will attempt (technology permitting) to Facebook live video stream Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s speech on Friday morning on my Councillor Facebook Page.

The speech should begin at 9AM (5AM Pacific) so I will likely start just before then.  I will try to get into the room early in order to get a good vantage point.

I will also try to post a recording immediately afterward. Possibly also embedded on this website. The speech should be no more than 30 minutes.

I will also livestream the Leader of the Official Opposition, Andrew Sheer, at 3PM (11AM Pacific). And the leader of the NDP and Green Parties on Saturday and Sunday respectively.

See you tomorrow.

4:00PM Thursday – BC Networking event – Political Speakers announced!

This is an annual session for all delegates from the province of BC. There are sessions for each province, or region (like “Atlantic”).

200 meetings by BC FCM caucus with MPs, Senators, senior staff.

Political speakers:

Prime Minister tomorrow morning. Sheer Tomorrow Afternoon. Jagmeet Singh Saturday. Elizabeth May Sunday.

Also Smart Cities finalists will be announced Friday.

$243M for new Brownfield funding.

UBCM/FCM is working on a code of conduct guidelines for all BC elected officials. Expect more info from Elections BC before October elections.

3:30PM Thursday – First Day of Tours. Study Tour: how community partnerships are supporting dynamic rural centres.

The formal conference doesn’t start until Friday but the Study Tours started today at 11AM.  After a nice breakfast in the hotel with the Mayor I headed across on the fantastic ferry between Dartmouth and Halifax. It is part of the transit system like Seabus in Vancouver but has been in service in some form since 1752!  One of the oldest ferry services in the world.

We entered the conference centre to register and were greeted with a little bit of mayhem.

Here it is last night.

The conference centre was packed, this was just the one line to sign up for study tours.  I ended up having to head up to the buses to just try to get in as an extra.


Thankfully my extensive bus experience paid off when the organizers called for people who were OK with standing on a City bus.. yup! That’s me. 🙂

So off we went to a small community outside of Halifax called Musquodobolt Harbour to see their newly renovated small community centre, library and fitness centre.

They are a community of about 6000.  (This is all within the Regional Halifax Municipality which is the size of PEI!)

They took what was a pretty run down little strip mall style building (unfortunately I don’t have a before picture below is today) that looked kind of like the Gertrude Street shopping plaza with RHM.

and turned it into a very well put together modern and multi-purpose community space.

I see the potential here for us to renew buildings like Gyro or even Echo Centre or Glenwood or some of our commercial spaces.

Here is a shot of their multi-purpose rooms, the floor is a rubbery material to make it suitable for yoga classes.

We then went to a former school building that was converted in 2007 to a community space.  They actually talked more about a really interesting small regional transit service that uses small cars and vans to transport mainly seniors from the rural areas into Halifax city.  This could be a model for us perhaps to bring people to and from Port Alberni, Parksville, Qualicum and Nanaimo for health appointments or other things.

It is part of their transit system and costs about $80-$150,000 a year to operate all the vehicles and pay the drivers. The drivers are “not well payed” they said but they love their jobs because of the connections they make with community members. They are currently serving about 500-600 riders a month and are growing rapidly.

Finally, we heard from an Economic Development manager about the “Wild Islands Archipelago” of 700 islands along the Atlantic shore of the huge municipality.  They just talked about the tourism opportunities from these islands which apparently had never actually been properly explored and documented since contact.

We got a bit of a bonus with a tour of a nice new community garden. $20 a year for each box… they mulch to limit watering to almost zero though they have barrels for water.

That was it for the tour and we are going to find some late lunch before a reception this evening.  Main events start tomorrow including finding out who are finalists in the Smart Cities Challenge!

12:45PM Wednesday- Over Northern Ontario – the full program.

I have wifi on the plane but it died half way through this update… add that to the power situation and it was nearing the apocalypse on here. Thankfully, wifi returned.

We just flew over James Bay!


I did manage to download all of the FCM annual general meeting content and read that. You can see that stuff here. 

More interesting though is  the full program.

I put a bunch of stuff in my calendar a week or two ago but it looks like many of the names of the workshops have changed so below is what I am going to try to get to with links.

On Thursday I will try to get to the community partnerships supporting dynamic rural centres study tour.

There are two tours so hopefully I get in one. If I don’t get to one, I may do the Blanket Exercise, which is always powerful and would be very interesting with such a diverse group from across the country.

The study tours filled so fast that I actually only got registered into one (urban trees at work) on Saturday.  So I will just show up at the tours I am hoping for and hope for the best!

On Friday the conference really gets going with keynotes and federal politicians speaking.  I will go for the Tech workshop on engaging the public.

I will see what study tours are available. The Library (let them build it) looks cool. May also try for the urban forest even though I am signed up for saturday. We will see.

In the afternoon I will try for the workshop on “road maintenance best practice”.

On Saturday morning  I will be at the local action on national climate policy.

In the afternoon I will try if I don’t get to my urban tree study tour I will go to the Youth Forum.

On Sunday there is just one (probably giant!) workshop on cannabis legislation. I will be there.

There are only repeat study tours in the afternoon so I may take the afternoon on Sunday to explore Halifax before the big dinner.  We shall see.

That is the update from somewhere over Ontario!

Next update may not be until tonight or tomorrow. I will be landing around dinner time. I have dinner planned with colleagues from other commuities and then back to my hotel room to listen to my daughter in their ADSS band concert!

thanks for reading.

10:10AM – Somewhere over the Alberta – Saskatchewan border…

It was a 3AM wakeup call that came at 2AM since I couldn’t sleep but the transportation so far has been all on schedule.  We (Mike, Bonnie and I) departed Nanaimo at 6AM.  We arrived on time in Calgary and made the very quick connection right onto the plane to Halifax.  We have now settled in to the 4hr 50min flight, dodging thunderstorms over the prairies, and I am going to take the time to read the FCM packages.

As you would expect, the flight is full, mostly of politicians! I have heard mention of Salmon Arm and Red Deer and seen regional directors from the Nanajmo district.  Maybe the extra hot air will carry the plane along a little faster!

Be back in a little bit….

9:30PM Tuesday:

Stay tuned to this space for updates from Wednesday to Monday as I will be attending the Federation of Canadian Municipalities conference.

The Mayor (and his wife Bonnie) and I will be on a flight at 6AM tomorrow morning from Nanaimo, hopefully arriving in Halifax by 5:30PM Wednesday evening (their time).

I’m packed and ready to go and off to bed. 3AM wakeup call comes fast.

Looking forward to a week of learning, networking with 2000 other delegates from across the country, and national policy discussions with federal government.

All the programming info is here.

And here is my preliminary schedule.  I am not sure what study tours I will be on as they were very full so I will be trying to register while I am there.

I will blog more about it from the plane.



Report from UBCM 2016 in Victoria

A Comprehensive and complete report from the UBCM 2016 conference in Victoria.

7AM Tuesday – Good Morning from Victoria BC!

Like last year (UBCM 2015) and the FCM, and the AVICC, I have once again live blogged and reported on the Union of BC Municipalities conference.  Enjoy!

This post was updated continuously throughout the week. The schedule was packed.  Here it all is below.




I don’t have the schedule for Friday as it was only speeches and resolutions in the main hall from 8AM until the official close of the conference at 12PM.

First, the Liability Exposure of Local Government workshop. Here is the description:

Section 744 of the Local Government Act provides immunity to local governments in relation to certain nuisance actions. However, in the face of ever changing climate conditions, broader protection for local governments is needed. Comparable legislation to the British Columbia act in Alberta provides considerably expansive protection in this regard. It would be beneficial to local governments if legislative reform to Section 744 rendered it as broad – and possibly broader – than the immunity currently granted to local governments in British Columbia.

9AM Update – Municipal Liability with severe weather (climate change) and lobbying the Province to better protect Municipalities and taxpayers.

I didn’t realize this was actually going to be a climate change related workshop… but when dealing with insurance and liability I guess I should not be surprised.  The message was clear that local governments, because of the legislation in BC (compared to somewhere like Alberta) are very exposed to being sued due to severe weather events they have no control over.

Reducing Liability Exposure for Local Gov.

– We are actually talking climate change liability risk
– Problem is Section 744 of Community Charter
– The $2 Billion Floods in Alberta – (from mostly sewer backups) – was largest insurance claim in Canada and mostly fell on local government.  However, because of Alberta legislation, they were protected and did not have to pay out.  In BC we do not have that protection.
– Local Governments in BC are sitting ducks.

Here are the main issues:


Local government has little responsibility on first two… main liability is extreme weather.  We are now seeing 1-100 year events every 10 or so years.  Infrastructure is often built for 1-25 year simply because municipalities can’t make stuff bigger than that for cost reasons. In Alberta, that gap is covered. We must plan for future development… paving over natural drainage ways… not making sure new development does not impact downstream. Not correcting a problem when you know about. You have to maintain. Sued for negligeance most common is Sidewalk.

Here is the section:


This will help protect from climate change, severe weather but not always, ONLY WITH BREAKDOWN OR MALFUNCTION, not capacity! (Severe flooding). Alberta has more broad protection that covers operation or non operation.

Comment: Port Alberni is not under of the BC Municipal Insurance umbrella.  Perhaps we should be if it gives us more collective influence with other majority of municipalities.

This issue is going to cost many many more times more than leaky condos.

MIABC will help Local Gov implement “get out of jail free card” in new policies. It has to be in writing and approved, and does it set out reasonable achievable resources. Not “best practice” that is unaffordable or practical and realistic. Make sure you document everything! In legislation we need to change “breakdown and malfunction” to Alberta’s “operation and non-operation”. This is the only thing that needs to change so it is simple and hopefully easy but need lobbying support from affected local governments.

700-800 Municipal Insurance claims a year… usually about 12-24 right now weather/climate related.  This year, forecasts say fewer days of rain, but more intense storms.

Note: if you are with MiABC you get unlimited number of basic consultations on tip line for $100/yr.

10AM Tuesday – Affordable housing and low wage crisis.

Even small communities are starting to lose young demographic because it is unaffordable in BC but smaller communities do have ability to pull disadvantaged millenials and gen X from lower mainland.

From a generational standard, no province has taken bigger hit in housing cost and low wages for younger generations.  Child Care is costing more than tuition… at same time that new parents are paying historically high tuition debt.

img_9039 img_9040 img_9043Solutions:

Homes first. Tax housing wealth more to slow housing price, cut income taxes. Need more rental accommodation.

Second speaker: Mayor of Quesnel Bob Simpson

$2.4 Million annual infrastructure deficit. Tax shifting from Industry to Residents, they increased taxes 7% for 4 years. We did a town hall and did a 10% incremental cut in operations.  We had to show that it was all going to infrastructure. We have not had a tax revolt and people are accepting of it because they see tangible benefit.

“We need to giveup parking in business district to create a people cemtric space”

It is about creating our own positive, progressive stories.  We are investing and making great infrastructure. We are providing a Living Wage. We are in control of our google results by doing and creating the news and creating the infrastruxture that makes it real! (Liveavle, bikeability, transit, condos and small affordable desirable living places).

2PM Tuesday – Drug-Related Overdoes: A Public Health Emergency

Dr. Perry Kendall – Chief Medical Officer

We are on track for 600 overdoses… this graph below starts in the 1990s and shows how fast it has been rising (first bump was the Vancouver crisis in 90s)img_3418

(Go to BC CDC to see a larger readable version of this image)

These deaths (below since 2007) are the tip of the iceberg because of the naxolone kit or otherwise… you can see the impact on communities (Nanaimo in list note how numbers rise).

img_3419This outbreak is happening amongst the working class, younger (under 50) and so it is in private (in homes) not in public on street.  Leads to challenges for notification and education as well as direct access to the users.  The fentanyl is being cut in with other drugs “polydrug”.

Comment: A lot of heavy slides.  They are doing a ton of work across all sectors of the public service to try to address the problem.  It truly does sound like an emergency and crisis footing.  This includes trying to get more buy-in from senior government to expand health intervention and safe injection type sites.  There is a lot of political resistance to the concept still… asks attendees to advocate for that to the province.  It is a health issue.

They are trying to build capacity and underpinning to try to make changes that will address the issue long term while “keeping people alive” with naloxone kits going to all emergency services including, soon, RCMP/Police. Trained 14,000 people so far and 2200 doses have been given across BC. (Those people could have all died!)

Mark Tyndall MD BC Centre for Disease Control

Drug Overdose is not a new issue.  Same social issues… but what has changed? Fentanyl is the opioid “currency”.  The margin of error is very small… thus deaths.  Sheer number of people on opioids has grown massively in past 10-15 years.

Started with patches (cutting up the patch into strips) by prescription and then the powdered fentanyl came in 2013. This has replaced heroine and cocaine and other opioids because it is so cheap.

“Fentanyl Kills” messaging — doesn’t work with people who are addicted.  They won’t stop without alternatives.

“Merits of Harm Reduction is not up for debate.”  (“Much like climate change”)

Many of these talking points are on the BC CDC website.

“We are downloading our medical care onto people who are least trained to do it …. friends, family, others.  Good that we now have BC Ambulance and Fire and RCMP are getting the kits but we need more support.

In all the years of safe injection site “InSite” in Vancouver, there has never been an overdose. Extremely effective way to prevent deaths and provide further support. (Social workers, nurses, etc)


There is no where for people to go for help to get those first steps. A 6 month Waiting List for treatment is not appropriate.


“The War on Drugs is a total failure”

Federal government is open to Harm Reduction. And Provincial government is very open to innovation.


Communities need to make it happen on the ground.  They have the most power because they are so close to the issue.

Dr. Kerry Jang – Councillor / City of Vancouver

We as Municipal politicians need to take care of the police and fire to make sure they are supported. Look after first responders.

Call on the Health Authority “kill the naysayers with data”.  The Health authorities will work hand in hand with communities to lead.  Communities need to lead to create safe injection sites.  Latest research shows keep people independent at home is most effective. We can create health teams that will go to peoples homes.

Vancouver Healthy City Strategy – (Food, Services, Health)

Put a strategy in place so that when next crisis comes you can respond.


They say they have brought forward some solutions (at emergency meeting in June) but nothing has been done.


They are doing everything they can and need and want to do more.

3:30PM Tuesday- Emergency Coastal Response Session


Since I wasn’t able to participate in the Emergency Coastal Response exercise I wanted to make sure to get to this special session debriefing everything. Minister of State for Emergency Preparedness Yamamoto is here as well. (Second right below) ACRD Chief Administrative Officer Russel Dyson is at left.


Minister Yamamoto came up to Councillors Washington, Paulson and I and thanked us for the whole of Port Alberni and the ACRD.  It was a massive effort!


The Minister “was struck” by the enormity of the task and complexity of the planning and operation.
img_3434400 different problems “injects” in the exercise to challenge the participants. The exercise involved all levels of government and also US FEMA and Washington State through “Cascadia Rising” exercise.


Had 140 people just in the Keating (Victoria) facility. Do we have the facilities (provincially and otherwise) capacity to do this?

They had an objective observer and analysis (from Alaska) done to see how the exercise went and will deliver a full “After Action” report with recommendations in coming months.img_3436Many moving parts and goals in the exercise.


Recurring theme:  There was a need for more capacity from a human standpoint.  People were starting to get tired and fatigued. Emergency Operations found they were looking very short term, hours and day time frame rather than looking out to Day 4, 5 or 6.  Operational Communications came away realizing how important it is to involve amateur radio in all aspects from the beginning.

Russel Dyson talking about how there was some apprehension at scale of the operation but with planning it all came together.  ACRD only had 20 full time staff and included City of Port Alberni and volunteers to pull it off.


Report from ACRD Staff will be coming to the ACRD Board and City of Port Alberni.

Western Forest Products, Catalyst and Port Authority participated fully and donated equipment and land to add realism to the scenarios.

It was ACRD, City, Nanaimo, Tofino, Ucluelet…. they were all thrown in with no expectation.  Comment from the evaluators: “You guys worked so well together”  Very proud.

Actually did paper work through HAM Radio to request resources like a Helicopter for assessment and situational awareness.

Mid way through the exercise an emergency Board meeting was held where it was suggested that 50% of the Board members, in a real case, would not have been able (either by being away or injured, or worse?) would not be able to be involved.

The big takeaway from Mr. Dyson.  Practice, Practice Practice. The team building and all of the different skill sets brought together was absolutely invaluable.  More of these exercises are needed across the province.


Extremely valuable and great job to the Province for bringing this forward and making it happen.

From the Questions – Looking at ways to improve communications perhaps including an EMBC specific radio channels but that requires infrastructure (that can also be affected by earthquake). Some great questions from audience on EMBC putting in resources to remote communities, on authority piece (when does local government take control)… the paperwork needed was huge and really needed to focus on that.

“We thought as planners maybe we would have staff that would walk out and be too stressed as new employees… but it did not happen. People worked together and collaborated and there were tense moments but there was great team work”.

Is there a next step, next place?

Minister comments that if a similar event was taken on in a larger urban centre it would be a very different and valuable exercise.  There have been many requests from other communities to have a similar exercise.

7:30AM Wednesday – It’s early! How about Motels and Ultimatums?


It feels like an early morning. Tuesday night was a long one of receptions and networking and, honestly, wine.  But this is really where you learn from others and from other stakeholders.

Case in point: Catalyst Paper.  As an elected representative I have a responsibility to listen to all sides of an issue.  Last night, I talked to a rep from Catalyst and his first words were something to the effect of:

“There is an Old Growth Logging moratorium resolution on the floor at UBCM. If you support it and that came to pass, Catalyst would likely shut as would the other mills in Port Alberni”.

I really don’t like ultimatums… I will leave it there.

8:00AM Wednesday – Cleaning up Motels, Inns, and Dives.


Prince George talking about how they cleaned up derelict buildings.  It comes down to just doing what needs to be done after 30 years of talking about it. In 18 months 5 properties dealt with and now the community knows the Council and City are serious and “have a list you don’t want to be on”. (A Bylaw compliance list)

Make sure the process is transparent and legally supported but the community will support you and become your “eagle eyes”.


Business licenses are the method and process you can use to force compliance. If you suspend or cancel a business license at the location then they must stop and you can start to implement and require changes through worksafe, or health, or fire or safety or many other reasons.

Bylaw department takes the lead to gather evidence, inspect and outline the deficiencies so that they can be followed up on.

The suspension can be delegated to staff. The owner can then appeal to Council. Council has to deal with the appeal, have a public hearing and act on the will of the public which generally supports the issue.

Key evidence: Police callouts to the location.


If the “ground game” by Council and Staff is proper and transparent and wise, there will be no impetus for Judicial Review or challenges against the action from the motel owners or others.

Specific factors in business bylaw are helpful but most of the power comes from the statute in Community Charter. Just needs to be applied by an active and engaged Council and Staff.

Some places will shut and be “boarded up” but the hope is that the property owner does not want to keep paying taxes or the City can enforce destruction. (Which the Port Alberni has done in a number of cases).

10AM – Keynote at UBCM

Hearing from Dr. Samantha Nutt in the keynote this morning. An inspirational start that everyone needs and some simple messaging.


11AM Resolutions! Convention Begins!

A shot of the table of contents of the Resolutions. You can see them all at www.ubcm.ca we will do the “A” resolutions first today.


First four resolutions below all passed very easily on downloading of DNA Analysis costs, marijuana regulation and taxation and short term accomodation (AirBNB)

img_9071 img_9072 img_9073


11:30AM Protection of Old Growth on VI and Site C

Two main resolutions that generated important votes. First a recommendation for UBCM to send a letter to the province to halt Site C development. The resolution was in the “block” of resolutions to be considered together.  Someone attempted to pull it out and debated indivdually (only those opposed to a resolution can call for them to be pulled).

That attempt was defeated and so the resolution was passed with the rest of the first B resolutions. Second, there was a resolution brought forward to Protect Old Growth on Vancouver Island.

img_9077 img_9078

The person in the picture is a councillor in Metchosin and a published scientist in forestry on the Island including all of the studies that have dealt with the issue.

After some debate, the motion on Old Growth passed strongly (I voted for as well).  We need to shift our forest industry on the Island to a sustainable second growth industry. There is no future in cutting Old Growth and the benefits from the small amount remaining, as has been advocated by the BC Chamber of Commerce, are huge and varied and much greater than the limited, finite value of cutting them.

Speech by Andrew Weaver.

You can view it on my Facebook page.

That was the end for the mornings major Resolutions… off to panels!

Cabinet Panel on Responsible Resource Development.

This is a Q&A session direct to Ministers.  Should be fun!


  • Minister Coleman (Natural Gas Development) at Left
  • Minister Letnick (Agriculture)
  • Minister Polak (Environment)
  • Minister Thompson – (Forests and NRO)
  • Minister Bennett – (Energy and Mines)
  • Minister Rustad (Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation)

Q1 – From Powell River on Agriculture – Can municipalities trade ALR land.

A1 – Best option is to ensure the Agricultural Land Commission is involved in Official Community Plan and it is that Commission, arms length from Minister that can approve a trade or other work.

Q2 – Shawnigan Lake  – Will you commit to reviewing the Professional reliance model and ensure there are no conflicts of interest with analysts being hired by company. (This is to do with the Land Contamination in their watershed!)

A2 – Minister Env. – The province monitors operations and ensures the compliance is met. The analysts are not handling compliance, they are data gathering and analysts.

Q3 -Will biomass to electricity facility shut down in Interior?

A3 – Minister Bennett There is a negotiation underway right now for the IPPs in the province for first contracts from Campbell era. The prices Hydro pays for that energy is hopefully going to go down but he does not believe that will jeopardize those facilities.

Q4 – Interior Annual Allowable Cut reductions – Softwood Lumber agreement

A4 – Minister Thompson – Softwood Lumber agreement is now under heavy negotiation. We would like free trade but that has never happened in the forest sector. That said they are working very hard to make that new agreement including working with Government of Canada. There will be reductions in AACs as the transition occurs from Mountain Pine Beetle and government will help with transitioning if needed.

Q5 – MMBC and zero waste

A5 – Ministry of Environment has worked hard to make improvements to MMBC.  And Ministry will be working hard to get to zero waste as it is a major part of Climate plan.

Q6 – Site C – Food Security – Peace Valley could feed a million people a year.

A6 – Minister Ag – 95% of farmland in Peace will continue. Farmers affected will be compensated. High tech Farms will need electricity (??). He fully supports Site C.

4PM – Premier’s Address – Cabinet Panels – “Responsible Resource Development”

I live streamed Premier Clark’s 30 minute address.  The link to that is on my Facebook page.

8AM – Stretch Code : A New Tool for Better Buildings


Stretch (Step) Code is a proposed tool.  Coming in the spring as part of Climate leadership plan. Building Act is now a specifically Province led.  Technical requirements driven by province no longer City.  Takes effect in December 2017.  All new buildings Net-Zero Ready by 2032.

The purpose is to build on top of the basic building code.  4 step between now and 2032.  As of Dec 2017 city will be able to require in bylaw that builders adhere to higher Steps.



They will be rolling it out over the next 12-18 months.


Voluntary incentive program – Energy Advisor ($500) and achieve Energuide 80 (which is Step 2 in plan above) they will refund portion of building fee.

(Note: my home is Energuide 77. So not quite 80. But shows it is achievable through renovations.)

Sparwood has seen very good uptake in new home building and builders do not report rise in cost.

Mentions City of Vancouver “raising the bar”. That will be useful in rest of province as builders start to learn required skills.

98% of houses since 2012 are built to Step 2.

PassivHaus is the goal/Step 4.



In smaller communities wih no Energy Advisor we may be able to have building inspectors be certified as energy advisors so they can check off that box. Note it does not apply to Manufactured Homes. Ministry is currently analyzing the cost differences.

For existing buildings there is no step code due to complexities but there is work beginning on the national level.

9AM Wednesday Official Opposition  Address John Horgan

You can see the recording on my Facebook page.

10:30AM  – Resolutions Day 2! Individual Debates

I will include Resolutions of particular interest or debate.

B66 Hauling Company permitting.

Trucks are supposed to require oversize or weight.  This is asking province to enforce that.







B68 Train Idling reduction.


Went to electronic vote. Passed.


B69 – One Accessible vehicle in taxi services.



B71 – Extended Absence from RD Board.  Boards would be able to dismiss a director and trigger a by-election after missing 4 meetings rather than have an alternate.


Motion Fails

B74 – Allow gas taxes to be used for Fire Equipment.



B75 – Changing Police Funding model so that the shift from 30% to 70% is not all at once.


Lots of debate. Carries with amendment striking the 2nd resolved paragraph.

B76 – Social Procurement –


Amendment to take out the second Resolved (As a first step) passed. There are infrastruxture funding requirements in other jurisdictions (Ontario) that require these considerations.


B77 – Socially responsible investing. (Climate) Creating an option for communities to invest.


Long debate and very close electronic vote. Passed.


B81 – Another call to change how RCMP funding (in a different way).


Long debate and close vote. It fails.


B82 – To have Province analyze the RCMP issue.


Passes easily.

B85 – Bylaw Enforcement fine limits be raised to $5000. (To try to cover the costs actually incurred)


B86/87/88 on pets and dangerous dog registry.

img_9116img_9117Amended B87


B88 (focusing more on owners)


All Passed.

11:00AM Resolutions continue

B91 – First Nation consultations

img_9120 C and D points were removed after much debate. Passed strongly.

B95 – Funding of Libraries in rural areas.


Passes easily (province share in VIRB has gone from 25% to less than 10%)

B97 Gender Neutral Language


Long debate with honestly some terrible comments. Passed easily. (Small house now)

B98 – Transgender protection



Wednesday Afternoon – Red Cross – Weird Weather – BC Assessment.

Red Cross Disaster Management

In Fort McMurray : It was the local authority that got people out.
1929 dwellings destroyed 643 unsafe
28 days with evac order
80,000 individuals evac in 24hrs

They have a “shadow” population of 45,000. Spread all over country. Very unusual.


$50M distributed to evacuees electronically within days.
$299M raised total. $165 from donations

Over 100,000 people registered in the emergency.
There are RC resources (cots/beds etc) in communities across BC.
First Aid by the Canadian Red Cross App

Be Ready by Canadian Red Cross App

Straight talk weird weather.


Showing that heat is not evenly spread in any particular year, but trend (circle) is accelerating. From 0.48°C in Summer 2003 to over 1° Warming in 2015 winter.

Future projections.

Projected 45% increase in heavy rain events south Island.

2015 may be the best case scenario in future, or low (cold) end of the worst.

more local data at www.plan2adapt.ca

General predictions for BC

Light blue shows future extent of King Tide after sea level rise in False Creek (extends to Clark Drive.)

Most flood maps in Canada average age is 1986 are obsolete due to already occurred climate change. Expect 45% more flood area.


Image shows when under three sea level rise changes, Vancouver will have up to 100% chance of need to move or deal with sea level changes due to King Tides taking over land.  “1” blue line In Vancouver, adaptation, replacement of viaducts will be built above flood level.


You can’t rely on voluntary restrictions only. “If nothing is done to manage demand, if supply increases, demand will increase to manage it.” Monitoring and metering water. “Smarter metering the better”. Australia managed 10 years of drought because they had all metered usage and so could manage.  Cheapest safest way to expand supply is to stop wasting water (this also applies for electricity).

BC will need to increase irrigated farm areas outside lower mainland. Some areas of BC are wasting 30-60% of water from leakage.

Friday Finally!  First a Resolution.

img_9145 img_9147

It is a near empty room on Friday morning but there are a number of important resolutions coming forward this morning so it is really important that as many people are here as possible.  Councillor Sharie Minions is pictured at front voting.  It was an early start after a long week!

A motion from the floor for university and college student housing.  Trying to address the rental housing crisis in Victoria and Vancouver.


Passes easily.

A motion off the floor for Open Government at UBCM and Area Association.  It needed a 60% vote in order for it to be considered. It failed.

img_9150 img_9151


B99 – Resolution on allowing those who take Parental Leave can return with all of the same responsibilities.


Much debate. Passed.

B100 – to acknowledge and support the Auditor General Local Government office.



B101 – Excellent Port Hardy Councillor Jessie Hemphill to task UBCM to invite all First Nations to participate in UBCM.


Passes Unanimously

B102 – Prioritizing UBCM Resolution processes



B103 – Code of Conduct (to prevent sexual harassment) for future UBCM events.


Passes as amended.

Federal Minister of Infrastructure and Communities address and BC Minister of Communities

Live Video (FB) of Minister Sohi and Minister Fassbender addressing UBCM

 Last Resolutions… for real.

B104 Taxation of Brownfields



B105  Allow Municipalities to tax multi-family residential differently from other residents.



B106 – Rainwater Harvesting Systems

B107 to make it possible for government to force the extension of sewer to electoral areas without requiring consent.


Fails. (Mostly due to abrogation of electoral area rights.)

B108 – To assess professional reliance regimes (Shawnigan Lake watershed issue)



B110 – Camping on riverbeds.



B114 to review and change funding of Hospital infrastructure away from property taxes.



B122 – Pharmacare program



B127 Herring west coast ban.



B128 – Put unredeemed container deposits into parks.



After this resolution there was not enough time left to get to the many remaining resolutions.  The resolutions were thus voted as a block to either be endorses or not endorsed as the resolutions committee recommended, or if no recommendation was given, referred to the UBCM executive for a decision.

That brings an end to this report.  Another very tiring but very rewarding and interesting UBCM.  Looking forward to next year’s event which is being held in either Vancouver or Whistler.

(This was me most of the time in the conference hall… video live streaming and taking notes, or tweeting, or updating the blog or…) lol.


Natural Gas “ban” in Vancouver and what Port Alberni is doing

Subtitle: “In defense of difficult, yet necessary, conversations and policy.”

(Updated, see P.S. And P.P.S. At the bottom)

I am about to say something controversial. (Big surprise right? :)).

The City of Vancouver’s policy on 100% use of renewable energy by residents and business in the City and an 80% reduction in GHG emissions before 2050 is proper, wise, policy.  (I have a problem with their claim of using “renewable natural gas” but we’ll get to that another time)

It is far from popular. I listened to the screaming on CKNW yesterday that they would “ban” natural gas (which isn’t right… it is a phase out, not a ban) and have witnessed plenty of angry 😱😤😤😱😡😡 emoticons across Facebook and Twitter. (There appears to be confusion, possibly intentionally sown? between the targets for new construction and renovation markets, clarification here)  This is an understandable and reasonable reaction.

But here’s the thing: If we all accept the climate science, and most Canadians do (“Canadians Back Bold Climate Action“), and we are serious about addressing the problem then this must happen. There is no way around it.


What is that number? That is our CO2 “budget”. That is the amount, in billions of tonnes (GigaTonnes) of CO2 humanity can emit after 2015 in order to have a good chance of limiting warming to less than 2°C.  It is from the IPCC and reiterated in a report released yesterday.

The city of Vancouver is planning for there to be zero use of Natural Gas by 2050. People are very upset.  People, especially folks like the Canadian Tax Payers, Federation say it costs too much money.  And yet what those voices ignore is the cost of doing nothing.  Not reducing our total fossil fuel usage to zero before hitting that 843 budget will have consequences that will cost taxpayers billions, perhaps trillions, of dollars.  Already, we have had disasters like those in Fort MacMurray, connected to climate change, that will cost the insurance industry billions, cost government hundreds of millions just for dealing with the disasters at the time (Infrastructure repair comes later), and cost residents thousands in expenses trying to put their lives back together.  The same goes for other flooding and fire disasters in Canada over the past few years. And this, with only 1ºC of warming in the world so far…

So this policy is what climate action means. In order to stop pushing our planet to an unliveable state, we must stop using fossil fuels and a gradual decline to zero before 2050 makes sense. Replacing heating appliances using Natural Gas with electricity and requiring buildings to be far more energy efficient is the low hanging fruit.

So you might ask if there are similar plans in Port Alberni. Do we have similar reduction targets? No. Should we? Honestly, yes, but we’re not there yet. Instead, we are working on policies that will help people transition even if the implied end goal is not yet spelled out.

The City of Port Alberni is working on a program to be implemented soon that will give homeowners rebates if they switch their oil (and possibly natural gas) home heating appliances (furnaces) to electric.  There are similar programs in Nanaimo and other cities.  There will also be rebates that will encourage making your home more energy efficient because the best way to save money isn’t to pick the cheapest fuel, it is to reduce the need for any fuel at all.

We will try to help that happen and in the process we will be starting to make the required reductions that Vancouver has been so brave as to state in full.  We will all need to be more brave in the coming years, this change will be very rewarding, but undeniably difficult.

By the way, the conclusions of the report I linked to at the top before the little table…. was that the math shows us we cannot start any new fossil fuel infrastructure. None.  The operations in the world today that are currently extracting coal, oil, and gas, have more than enough carbon in them to put us over the 2ºC limit (just under 1000 gigatonnes).  So that makes questions about whether or not to support things like LNG, Kinder Morgan, Dakota Access, and other new infrastructure pretty moot…. the report recommends no new fossil fuel infrastructure be approved or built.

This reinforces many research papers published recently showing that 99% of unconventional (i.e.. oilsands and fracked gas) and 72% of conventional oil reserves remaining in Canada must stay in the ground. (Nature – data table 3)


There seems to be talk in the media about an incredible 70% decrease in 4 years.  This is false.

The 70% by 2020 refers to new construction only, not existing buildings (renos). Vancouver are focusing on their building bylaws (because they can do that under the Vancouver Charter). They want all new construction to be 100% renewable by 2030. 90% by 2025. This is Reasonable.

Here is the report that is being referenced, it says:

“Analysis undertaken in the development of the Renewable City Strategy estimated that of all the buildings (measured by floor space not number of structures) that are anticipated by 2050:
30% would be built prior to 2010
30% would be built between 2010 and 2020
40% would be built after 2020.

If all buildings are to use only renewable energy by 2050, the sooner new buildings achieve near zero emissions, the fewer buildings there will be that require costly and challenging deep energy retrofits to achieve the target.”

The best way to make that switch isn’t shift from nat gas to electricity, it is to reduce energy usage to as close to zero as possible, and that is exactly what they have proposed to require new developments to do by adopting Passive House or alternative zero emission building standards”

from their third recommendation:

“THAT Council direct staff to build all new City-owned and Vancouver Affordable Housing Agency (VAHA) projects to be Certified to the Passive House standard or alternate zero emission building standard, and use only low carbon fuel sources, in lieu of certifying to LEED Gold unless it is deemed unviable by Real Estate and Facilities Management, or VAHA respectively, in collaboration with Sustainability and report back with recommendations for a Zero Emissions Policy for New Buildings for all City-owned and VAHA building projects by 2018.”

Council Document

Breaking down the costs of commuting – now with two jobs!

Update: I’ve added the savings if someone was driving a car/truck that got more average mileage. (9L/100km or 26 US mpg)

As many of you likely already know, I commute to work at VIU five days a week. Yup, this means driving back and forth everyday in some fashion.

Screen Shot 2016-02-09 at 11.50.38 AM
Click to see the bus schedule

Since about 2008 (I can’t even remember anymore haha) I have been taking advantage of the Regional District of Nanaimo BC Transit bus from Qualicum or Parksville to Woodgrove and then on to VIU. It adds between 30 and 60 minutes to the trip a day. On a ‘normal’ day I leave Port Alberni around 6AM, drive to Parksville Civic Centre, hop on the bus at 6:45, transfer at Woodgrove and end up at VIU around 7:30AM. On the way back it is a longer journey because of a long layover at Woodgrove and a ‘milk run’ to Parksville so I generally leave VIU at 3:35PM and arrive home at 5:30PM.  If you’re wondering if I’m the only person on the bus, nope not at all.  There are other VIU commuters (employees and students), High School students going to Nanaimo, other workers, many seniors going for day trips either to Nanaimo or often to Vancouver and beyond and other regular bus users, like kids going to the Mall or people who likely don’t have a lot of money, especially First Nations.  The use of the commuter bus between Parksville and Woodgrove has grown noticeably, especially as gas prices have risen.

IMG_1914The cost of an RDN bus pass is $700 a year through the VIU “Pro Pass” program, which is pretty cool.  My pass is #0040.  I’m an early adopter… and as you can see from how grungy it is I use it a lot. The previous Federal Government also instituted a Tax Credit for all bus passes.  So I get 15% of that cost back ($105) so I am currently paying about $590 for the bus pass.

So why take the bus?

Screen Shot 2016-02-09 at 12.00.11 PM
Remember, I’m a geek. So I track my distance travelled with an App on my iPad called “Waze”.

I get this question all the time.  The answer is simple.  Money, and stress. As you can see on the side, the full trip from home to VIU is about 82km.  The drive to Parksville is 45km. I used to drive to Qualicum which is shorter but they changed the bus routes two years ago and made the trip much longer.  So I save about 35km of driving.  That doesn’t seem like much, but in terms of stress on both myself and my car, I find the drive along Highway 19 to be far more stressful, and potentially dangerous, than the extremely familiar Highway 4.

Ya I track that too at www.bcgasprices.com
Ya I track that too at www.bcgasprices.com

Even in a fuel efficient car like my previous 2004 Toyota Echo Hatchback and my even more efficient 2012 Toyota Prius C, this year I saved myself about 9730km of driving by taking the bus.  Not only does that mean 442L of fuel not burned and $505 saved on average, it also means 1.02 tonnes of CO2 not put into the atmosphere. (The buses would run anyway if I am on them or not of course).  Compared to buying a parking pass for either $400 or $600 at VIU and add in the wear and tear on the vehicle and the economic argument is easy as is the safety.  The time argument is the hard one but so far it works.

So now that you have two jobs….

As you might know, I decided to take on a new set of responsibilities (and have been honoured to be allowed to do so!).  So my burning question over the past 12 months in the back of my geeky and miserly brain has been… with the additional driving that I have had to do to attend to City Council business, does it still make sense to take the bus whenever I can?

Well here are the numbers for the past 12 months.

I parked at VIU 41 times = $175 daily parking fees
I drove to VIU and parked for free elsewhere 30 times
(this is my late classes on Wednesdays when I can’t take the bus…)

The only thing I don’t have exact numbers for is days I took the bus, but working backwards I figure I had about 139 “bus days”.  At $700 that works out to around $5 a day.  Which is exactly the same as the cash fare ($2.50 each way).

Average mileage of my Toyota Prius over 2015: 4.548L/100km = 0.04548 L/km (51.7 U.S. mpg).

Home to VIU distance: 82km
Home to Parksville distance: 47km
Difference: 35km

So this year the money I spent on driving all the way to VIU was:
35km * 71 days * 2 = 4970km extra driving past Parksville = 226L fuel *1.144$/L = $258.  Add $175 in parking fees and that’s $433.  CO2 emitted: 0.52 tonnes CO2.

For the bus trips the money I saved was: 35km*139 bus days*2 = 9730km avoided on bus = 442L fuel *1.144$/L = $505 saved = 1.02 tonnes CO2 not emitted.

So taking all of it together and comparing the two:
VIU Bus Pro Pass = $695.24 – $105 tax credit = $590 (15% tax credit)
Extra Driving = $258
Parking tickets = $175
Total with Bus = $1003
CO2 from Driving Parskville to VIU when needed = 0.52 tonnes

If I did not take the bus:
VIU “Econo” limited Parking pass = $400
Driving = $258+$505 = $763
Total without bus = $1163
If I get a VIU “Employee” pass, the cost rises to $600 and total is $1363.
CO2 from Driving from Parksville to VIU full time. = 1.52 tonnes

So I save $160 and 1 tonnes of CO2 not including wear and tear on the vehicle.

Update: You might be wondering how much of a difference the type of car makes.  The answer is a lot.  My Prius C gets 4.5L/100km or 51 US mpg.  If I instead took our 2007 Toyota Matrix which gets around 9L/100km or 26 US mpg the totals would be:

For the Bus: Fuel: 447L/$511 Total: $1386 and 1.03T of CO2

Without the Bus: 875L/$1001 (plus above) Total: $1912 and 2.02T of CO2.

So in an “average” mileage car I would save $526 and 2T of CO2.

Now these numbers are not going to be perfect but they should be pretty darn close to accurate. So even with the additional driving that I have had to do with the new City Council duties, it still makes sense for me to take the bus as much as possible both from a cost perspective and an environmental perspective.  And that does not include additional maintenance costs or consideration on safety.

Public Transit saves everyone money

Screen Shot 2016-02-09 at 12.42.59 PM
Click to see a full mockup schedule of a mid island commuter train service that I presented to the RDN in 2014.

Commuting isn’t going anywhere anytime soon.  Especially with home price differences so great between Port Alberni and other mid-island communities I believe we will see more commuters, not less.  This is why I continue to advocate for transit options to open up between Parksville and Port Alberni either with a bus like the one between Parskville and Woodgrove or using the Railway (see the link).  The cost savings are substantial both to people and to the taxpayer in terms of maintenance on roadways and safety, which means more money in everyones pocket to spend on other things. The benefit to the environment and overall safety is obvious.


Port Alberni – Federal All Candidates Meeting Raw Notes

Below you will see my notes taken at tonights all candidates meeting at the Italian Social Centre in Port Alberni.  I make no guarantees that this is accurate though some if not much of it is word for word.  I would characterize, as objectively as possible, the meeting this way.  There was Barb Biley of the Marxist Lennonist Party on far left… Next was John Duncan of Conservative Party…. Then Gord Johns NDP…. Then Carrie Powell Davidson of Liberal Party…. Then Glenn Sollitt of Green Party.

To take the tempersture of the room based on applause.  The NDP won the room.  Followed by the Green, Marxist Lennonist, Liberal and Conservwtive.  The room was silenced and grumbled a number of times in response to a number of answers from Conservative John Duncan.  They applaud mid answer to all of the other candidates.  Strongest applause after most powerful speaking was for NDP.

Here are the notes:

Opening Statements:

Barb Biley Marxist Lennonist party
– 70 candidates
– We need a new constitution and hierarchy of rights
– Should be ways to directly decide issues
– Actually elect candidates from their peers (rather than parties)
– Please sign pledge to save public health care

John Duncan Conservative
– 20yrs in forest industry
– Lived in ucluelet 7years and port Alberni for 1 year
– Am happy to say strength is collaboration with business local gov and community work
– Cpc has brought good gov. Steered through election. Lowered avg age of public infrastructure created 1.3M jobs since recession
– Understand progress comes from infrastructure.
– Advocate for alt connection to horne lake and airport
– Seniors tax credit. Home reno tax credit (permanent). Continue child care benefit and income splitting
– Cpc will cntinue to lower taxes. Invest in infrastructure. Family friendly and senior family. And create 1.3M more jobs.
– Higher rate of home ownerships than US

Johns NDP
– respectful partnership with first nations greetings and respect to them
– Moved to tofino 21 years ago.
– After 10 years of failed policy. Its time for change. We can stop Stephen harper
– Election reform
– Will repeal c51 (applause)
– Will restore Canada Post (applause)
– At pivotal moment. Can rebuild canadas dreams. Strong finish. Strong applause

Carrie powell davidson Liberal
– Feel kinship to PA. Grew up in Powell River,
– Local government is the gov. Of people
– I am used to listening to constituents.
– Council for 2 years
– Gave a long background speech
– Am running because I am extremely concerned about direction
– When i learned trudeau was leader I knew I had to run for Liberal and make him PM. That is why I am running.
– I will take your concerns to ottawa.

Glenn Sollitt – Green
– Alberni is engaged
– Was a deckhand on fathers and own boat.
– Up and down canal ton of times
– Mechanical Engineer
– Connected to the Island
– What drove me to politics was a disenchantment disengagement.
– QP antics is frustrating. We dont see productive work there.
– Single biggest issue. Lost democracy. Do MPs take issues to Ottawa?
– We are under thumb of leaders.
– Every vote is a free vote in green.
– MP is responsible for the needs of its constituents.
– Elizabeth is the leader but you are my boss. (Applause)
Q1 – 2000 tax cut for widows how low income seniros will manage with big cuts in eir income.
Duncan – Not sure of specifics.
No other answers.

Q2- large number of agencies have been cut or removed. Overall chill on public service/science.

Sollit – lost many scientists. Need to step back and stop that. Need to renew charitable status
Powell-Davidson – on the fair elections act. People cant vote. Go check out if you can
Johns – CSIS spying on government is fighting anybody against it. Shame. They are fighting charities and First nations (applause)
Duncan – charitable status is done by independant bureaucracy. it is not political (crowd grumbles) Terrorist propaganda can be seized. On Gov scientist. No protocol has changed. (Partisan applause rest silent)
Biley – we are all so many terorrists according to harper (applause)

Q3 – will ndp repeal c24 (denying citizenship to grandchildren of immigrants)

Johns -Absolutely we will repeal that bill.. Everyone who is a canadian citizn belongs here.
Biley – Citizenship rights can not be subject to government making a decision arbitrairy. They must be inviolable.
Duncan – C51 excludes lawful advocacy. political opposition taking law out of context. Toronto 18 will get out one day. He is dual citizen. We shouldsend them back
Sollitt – will also repeal c24

Q4 – what would you do to restore environmental legislation
Johns – will repeal gutted laws.unmuzzle scientists. Going to UN with set targets. Climate change sustainability act. Environmental bill of rights.
Powell-Davidson – will work closely WITH communities that environment is safe and scientists are there to learn from
Biley – the reasonable starting point is to repeal all the legislation that has changed so much. (She is getting good applause and smiles from Gord johns)
Duncan – “environmental legislation has not been gutted” has been updated to reflect resource extraction reality. Canada leads in this regard.
Sollitt – omnibus bills should be illegal. Trade laws are threatening environment as well.

Q5 – parliamentary reform – consequence if mp does not answer the question in House of Commons?

Sollitt – signed a declaration to basically behave like an adult in parliament, answer questions. Must do everything we can to ensure people behave like adults.
Duncan – i behaved as sollitt said. I do not like underlying suggestion that I do not behave like an adult in ottawa.
Powell-Davidson – if social media witch hunts continue we might not have any more candidates on current trend. We must be your voice of your communities. I will answer your questions directly.
Johns – he recalls certain people asking a question and another person does not answer question. (Referring to ndp asking questions in House and CPC answering eith non-sequiturs) I will not answer a question that i dont have answers to. And if your mp is not answering your questions. Answer them.

Q6 – TPP. should trade agreements not be brought before parliament?
Duncan – interested in TPP. Much of negotiations have been on internet. Trade minister has said yesterday we are not giving up protection on agricultural sector. There is always a lot of opposition while trade agreement happening. Positive after.
Johns – we need to discuss trade agreement in house of commons. How have trade agreements working for us in port alberni.? We are half an hour in and no mention of jobs that are needed in Port Alberni.
Powell-Davidson – i hear concerns around secrecy. Trade is something that is good for Canada. But we must be careful about what we are getting into. Hope duncan is right that agricultural sector is not hurt but what about other industries?
Sollitt – dont know enough about tpp. We do know about nafta and others. We have paid millions of dollars in compensation to US on nafta it is not working well for us. In some agreements No corporation can exist if it does not create profit. This is a large threat to our public institutions (health care, etc). Terrifying.

Q7 – tax credits – how do tax credits benefit low income canadians who struggle to get into a tax bracket.

Duncan – we have lowered taxes for everyone.
Sollitt – simplify tax code greatly. No income tax on less than 20,000. Eliminate offshore havens. We can make tax system much more fair if simplified.
Johns – the top 75 ceos get a $500 million tax break from you. The child tax credit is costing us 2 billion for top 15%. We need to help canadians. The home energy program made sense. Home reno program does not. Be innovative and creative.
Powell-Davidson – tax credits are something liberals are committed to. We will ask wealthy
1% to give a little more. Child care benefit will be bigger and tax free for families.

Q8- fiscal transparency – balanced budget? What about $3 billion out of EI fund? What about money not spent in Veteran?

Johns – it is disgraceful.they shorted first nations 1 billion. They talk about truth and reconciliation not living up to it. You would be ashamed about veterans as well.
Sollitt – we are advocating for Parliamentary budget office. It should set rules. They should cost all party platforms. So we all know accounting is same. You should not have to do a FOI request just for budgeting numbers.
Powell-Davidson – lib party has long history of balanced budget. Fiscal transparency is key and we have a strong economic team. We have a strong plan that is fully costed. We will run small deficits. We will balance our budget. Mr. Trudeau had started posting his expenses online long time ago and we are committed.
Duncan – 1 minute not long enough, what the ndp and libs are not telling you is they will increase payroll tax. (“Liar” from crowd) if maximum does not happn in veteran affairs then money is not spent. Not a bad thing and not a cut. (Grumble from crowd)

Q9 – safety in canada – what position should we respond in this situation against ISIS

Johns – security is very important to me. Challenges in middle east and terrorism . Our biggest strength is UN and diplomacy and give a balanced approached to the middle east and as a peace broker. We need to revert back to the UN. People are at risk right now.
Powell-Davidson – it is a complicated issue. We do not want as a party to be on front lines. We can do what we do best as peace keepers. We should do what we are best at. We will be keeping canada safer if we fulfill those roles.
Duncan – it is one thing to talk here and another to talk to kurd family. I have talked to those families. If you witness children being beheaded. We are delivering military aid. We have 69 people on ground and some airplanes. The kurdish thank us. We will accept refugees…. Mic Cut off.
Sollitt – opposed to bombing mission. We should halt selling arms to middle east (applause). I wonder what canada position should be. We have a humanitarian requirement here. We should look inwards before we go to foreign countries.
Biley – we should get out of Middle East and we should be an anti- war country.

Q10 are you in favour of health care cuts that have happened.

Powell-Davidson – health has been number one issue across riding. And lack of action by fed and province to disburse monies. Our full health care plan will be announced any day. We are committed to healt care and workig with provinces. And pharmacare.

Johns – health care is in ndp dna. We will renew accord with 6% escalator. We have a strong senior strategy. We will invest 300 million hire 7000 practioniers and put in pharmacare. It will pay for itself by buying bulk medicine.

Duncan – addressed this issue earlier tonight. We have increased funding every year. 67% increase in that time. The provinces have decided to reduce funding. Our transfers will be greater than where province are going. Provinces made zero committment. (Same 5 people applaud)
Biley – has a full list of demands (public health care gets applause). Full expansion of public health care (applause)
Sollitt – need a health accord. 2014 it expired. We will restore funding to 6% increases. We are only country that does not have pharmacare. We will provide that. You will get free pharmaceuticals. It is low hanging fruit we must move on it.

Q11 – bank of canada. WHen will you use it to fund public services remove it from banksters.

Biley – you are totally correct we must control private banks. Public people are best investment.
Powell-Davidson – i need to do more research – our major infrastructure promise includes an infrastructure bank. A public bank. I will look forward to sharing that with you.
Johns – I am not an expert on bank of canada. Banks have record profits. We have talked about bank fees that have impact on canadians and small business. We must research how to reform the central bank to better serve canadians.
Duncan – canada has most respected systen in worl.d you might have some concerns as consumers but it has served us well. What you are suggesting is communism. (What? Says crowd)
Sollitt- when bank of canada created – it was used for public infrastructure internal. We now fund IMF. (Very fast and very detailed response. I think room a little surprised).

Q12 – what strategy for children in poverty?

Sollitt – guaranteed living income. Determine what poverty income is. Immediately Raise all to poverty level. It replaces existing welfare and shame based systems. It is a cheap way to go. We would save $130 million.
Biley – forestry used to provide good jobs. We now export and do not do sustainable forestry. We must encourage secondary industry. That would help and create jobs.
Duncan – as of august. We doubled child care benefit parents will receive $2000 a year. It is interesting that UniCEf says child poverty rate decreased during recession. Poverty rate is at lowest ever. We are responsible for that and we are not done yet.
Johns – 1/3rd of children are living in poverty here in valley. There has been no voice in Ottawa. We have a plan. We must kickstart the economy. I will do everything I can to change it. I am a collaborator. We will find solutions to our problems together. (Applause)
Powell-Davidson – i have mentioned our plan to grow middle class. We will lift 315,000 kids out of poverty. We will work on national early learning program. We must start helping grassroots. Must break cycle.

Q13 – unemployment is at 15% for young canadians and is trendingnup. How can university graduates get by.

Duncan – we have most enviable recovery of any recession country. We have hillary clinton saying she is jealous. Our middle class is better than USA. All the stats are good. Youth employment is never where we want it to be.
Powell-Davidson – i am very exicted for plans for assisting youth. Our jobs and skills training is above all else. We will create summer jobs. We will provide training and job skills. We will invest in green tech and industry. We will help our encvioron,ent and economy.
Biley – harper gov has carried out destruction of industrial sector. Must defend industries and process raw materials here not SHIPPING AWAY. Post secondary should be free(applause)
Sollitt – student debt – 5 year plan. Immediate interest relief. Relieve debt to max 20,000 after 5yrs. By 2020 we will have free university/college.
Johns – create jobs. Invest in manufacturing. We all have friends going to oilsands. We are shipping jobs between communities. We need employment in our communities. We need to focus on tech. We could invest in PATH and airport and other sectors in alberni valley.

Q14 – there are no boides of water that are protected on vancouver island. I work for government.

Sollitt – we would repeal the laws in omnibus bills. And make omnibus illegal. We must protect ourselves from trade agreements that override our sovereignty.
Johns – repealing the laws. We are committed to it. Environemtnal bill of rights. We have right to clean water and air and sustainable industry.
Duncan – water protection act was about shipping not about waters. The narrative is incorrect. This was inadequate legislation now fixed.
Powell-Davidson – we will reinstate funding for enviro sciences. We have international commitment to protect our seas and international areas of water. We are way behind other countries including russia!

Q15 – retired from navy, to liberals will you start building ships after 35 years of no ship building
– Powell-Davidson we havent been in charge we are committed to invest in navy,
– Sollitt why with the largest coastline we have…. Why do we not have the industry? We need ship building. In port alberni perhaps.
– Duncan – we made 30 yeqr commitment to replace coast guard. We have built near shore coast guard. We are building offshore ships in north van. We are committed to ship building in canada.

Closing –
Sollitt – why vote green? We are not going to form government. we are not delusional. Our target is to have 10-15MPs. We will reach out and cooperate. If it is liberal or ndp. We want to implement our platform, we would like other parties to steal our ideas. Biggest idea is a council of canadian government. Including municipal, first nations, inuit, metis, provinces. To implement big national strategies.

Powell-Davidson – thank you. There are many issues we did not get to. How are you going to create jobs. I have put support behind PATH project. Infrastructure program is good from liberals. We will build big projects. We will push for secondary highway access. Also housing component. We are not cutting pension income splitting. Liberals know we can have a heightened safety and protect civil liberties with c51. Come to Chars landing on Thursdays to say Hi. Vote for the longest name on the ballot.

Johns – i have been listening here and looking all over the world for examples. It can be done. We can have sustainable jobs. In quebec we saw huge benefit from childcare. We will hear (from cpc) that we can’t help on many things. We can elect someone to stay the course. But i dont see many places where this course is working. You can vote for someone who will work with you and get better. We can’t let another generation slip by. They deserve better (applause)

Duncan – being in rural bc rural canada. I expected questions on other things. I am proud that i ended gun registry. (Some applause). Here is what tom mulcair says “ndp will bring something that will bring every gun in canada” trudeau says: “i would vote again to keep long un registry”. I will keep voting to keep guns from criminals. Starts reciting stats. (Crowd grumbles….) “The last three months our manufacturing sector grew”. Port alberni is a jewel. Transportation is the hurdle. Municipal government has vision i support that vision (runs out of time)

Biley – health care was number one issue at start of campaign. But it has not come up. Issues of cpncerns are not coming to canadians. John duncan is here on behalf of pmo. He is bringing stats that try to show questions raised are simply “delusional”. I could be deported to england based on c-24 contrary to what duncan said. Vote to stop harper. …… (She spoke well… Received well)