FCM Live Blog – Halifax 2018

(Latest updates at top)

3:30PM Sunday Final update from the floor

We completed the election of the board members for FCM then there was an panel discussion  on what Canada and municipalitirs will look like in 20 years.

David Colleto. “Canada in 2040” The Demographics Story.

Millenials are now the largest group.

Technological and demographic and generational change happening together are causing very unique new issues.

Immigration will be required in order for Canadian population to grow.

Average age in 10 years of indigenous peoples in Canada will be 40. Ten years younger than general population.

Seniors, boomers, demographic will grow hugely and be up to 2 million over 85. We will need to take care of them.

Next speaker – Paul –

Speaking strongly on the challenges that will occur mainly from climate change but other reasons as well on refugees.

Poverty reduction is a huge way to help retain community resilience.

”Deepening Community”


We will welcome 7 Million refugees if demographics go “as planned” in next 25 years.  Far far more if climate change accelerated. The ideas of borders will be challenged. Do we build walls or be inclusive and welcoming.

Next Speaker – Shawna – On Mobility

Autonomous vehicles, ride hailing, other tech is disrupting all transportation systems.

There are 11 major ride hailing companies in world (worth $1B collectively). None are headquartered in Canada.  We have an opportunity to attract talent and opportunity and jobs.


Should municipalities become more active in community action?


Fun exercise, we were asked to give a one word fill in the blank by text to build a word cloud.

The audience was asked about which topics would be most important in the next 20 years.  Inclusivity won, but the point was made that really the answer is all three.


10:50AM Sunday Elizabeth May Speech

Her talk has been hilarious so far, on Trump and trade wars. Tune in!

”When you walk into a room with a hand grenade with a loose pin (Trump) your number one goal is to walk out again.”.

Excellent short talk and then answers to questions.

8:30AM-10AM Sunday morning FCM AGM

We get into the actual annual general meeting for the FCM this morning. We will be mainly going through the reports from board members and financials of the organization and then electing board members to represent regions across the country.

Numbers on attendance to the conference. 2118 delegates, 3545 with trade show and others participating in the conference.

Today’s question to test the electronic…

The best comment from the podium this morning:

”This is the first conference to be held in both summer and winter”.  (It was quite hot the first 3 days but the maritime wind has blown hard the past two!)



3:30PM -5:30PM – Youth Forum

Completely full house including a number of  Mayors and NDP Leader Jagmeet SIngh.

Our host is a young (28) director from Halifax, Lyndell Smith: “We have to have young people at the table.”

He is the moderator/question poser.

”You have to be a credible messenger”.

Marie-Eve Plante-Hébert (29), Councillor, Ville de La Prairie, QC •

The reality and challenges for young people who are 15 are different than those who are 25. We don’t learn ar school how to work with municipal government. So she took it upon herself to help teach and bring the government to houth so they could learn how to engage. (Gave an example of a skate park).

She also participates on a provincial municipal committee in Quebec that looks at ways to engage women and young people in both voting and running in elections.

There is a program to connect youth with municipality and with jobs as well.

“Simple Plan” From Association of Quebec municipalities.

Thomàs Talamanté who works in the City if Washingto D.C. (29) as liaison between the City and Congresswho also worked on Obama’s campaign.

Gives an example of creating opportunities to engage youth (listening tours) not just on youth issues but all issues. You will find them more often at City Council advocating for their issues, and for all issues.

Need also for Cities to become advocates for youth issues so they feel their issues matter.

The more you do engaging through social media, the more you will see diversity of people and opinion.

”It isn’t your diversity of a city that makes you a leader it is your city embracing of that diversity.”

There are working toward statehood and voting representation and are engaging and using youth to help that because they are very engaged in the topic already. Excellent organic, youth led and activist movement.

Five year olds in D.C. now know they don’t have voting rights due to youth activism and work and funding from the city.

You have to hire young people and trust them. (Gives example of 20-25 year olds who were trusted by Obama to run his campaign and are now mayors, councillors, congress.


A youth from Halifax who works for the North End Community Action Committee. A group that is actially advocating for african-nova scotian issues and trying to ensure the community and culture that exists in the North end (which was a transplant of Afric-Ville). He has become interested in local government through that.

He doesn’t want to speak and engage with “old white people” you need to engage with people from the community to really get people out of their shell especially for “youth youth” (12-25).


David Rauch, Open City and Technology Strategic Planner, City of Edmonton, AB.

Talking a lot about how you can use technology to engage youth and also to give them jobs and training on the job in developing new technology and apps.

Mayor Nenshi from the audience makes a point that maybe social media is not the place to engage youth in politics. (“Twitter is a cesspool”). Maybe 2010 was the time, but not now.

Mayor of Saint John made the point that maybe we need to keep it simple and just make sure we don’t talk down to youth.

2:00PM – Tradeshow, Late Lunch, and Surprise!

Well, this happened!

It was great that he remembered meeting my daughter at ADSS when he came and visited a few months back with Gord Johns. He is a genuinely nice guy.. and he was outside a little later walking casually down the very pedestrian friendly Argyle (that’s the street in front of the Convention Centre!) St.

Perhaps a model to look at for our Uptown near Argyle area? 🙂

One of the more interesting things at these conferences is the Trade Show, and the FCM Trade is the best one of all the trade shows at these types of conferences. It is a huge variety of people and companies.

One of the first booths I came across had a cool electronic voting machine that is touch screen and so very accessible for all users.  It produces a ballot that can then be counted like our ballots do.

10:15AM Saturday Jagmeet Singh.

The FCM Facebook page has a livestream of his speech and sitdown forum.

He is speaking on infrastructure first. Spoke strongly in favour od maintaining publicly owned infrastructure rather than privatization. Public owned airports, public owned electricity and most of all public owned access to high speed broadband internet across Canada.

Now speaking to opioid and drug addiction crisis and decriminilization of hard drugs.

Touched on Climate Change, Affordable Housing and closing tax loopholes and ineqalities.


8AM – 9AM Plenary – Six resolutions

FCM generally has very few resolutions because they weed out things to things that are very clearly federal plus municipal issues.

The first resolution was from the Regional District of Nanaimo on Ocean plastics.

I voted in favour.

Bill Veenhoff, Chair of RDN, spoke to it and it was carried easily.

The second resolution was on Climate Change to urge the Feds to meet their Paris targets and partner with municipalities more directly.  Mayor Iveson of Edmonton was sponsor.


There was one notable speaker who I videoed who presented common myths about climate change. Thankfully, the resolution passed strongly. I will post the video later.

I had to record his comments. They were stunning.

I voted in favour. It passed strongly though this just progress, in the past (Winnipeg 2016) these resolutions have only passed in the 50s.

Third Resolution is on Species at Risk… but there is some controversy because it appears this resolution takes away protections for land habitat.

The northern alberta delegates are advocating for this motion and against protection of 1.5 million hectares of cariboo habitat. They want to be able to develop industry on the lands.

I voted against. It passed strongly.

The fourth resolution is on International Trade.

I voted in favour, it passed easily.

Fifth Resolution is on Policy tools for solving rural challenges and creating a “rural lens” to establish impacts from federal policy.

I missed a picture of the vote but I voted in favour and it passed with over 90%.


Last Resolution: on creating Federal Active Transportation Plan with municipalities.

Sponsored by Nova Scotia federation of municipalities and their Active Transportation committee.

There was an amendment passed to strike the whereas clause on conducting research with the justification that there is ample research and best practice out there and that we needed decisive action from the federal government to create a national policy as other countries have.  I voted in favour and it passed easily.



That was it for the plenary and resolutions. Next major event with be a speech from Jagmeet Singh.


1:30PM Friday  – Library Tour. (Will include pictures later)

Library tour – very different philosophy to libraries from traditional.

Used to be large collection of books, rules about food or drink or talking.

this is a social space, designed to come together. Small concert space See teens playing video games. University students working in groups and teams. All social spaces.


Hold public engagement… rooms heavily used.

Construction in May/Opened in 2014 – Budgeted at $55M came in under budget. 130,000 square feet. City supplied land. $12M Fed fund, $11M, and the rest was municipal, mainly from land sale.  Delayed land sale until after library built so that could take advantage of high price because people wanted to build next door.

Costs $6M/yr to operate (80 staff). About 1-2% per year growth. About 80% funded by municipality.

Used “Construction Management Delivery Management” – Fixed Fee for Management company architects and builders collaborate during design as team.

$10M for “soft costs”. About $330/sqft for hard cost.  Don’t talk about capital costs because it puts you “into hole”.  Plan for 50 year with 25 year renovation (which should cost near same).  They used materials that would last 50-100 years.  Europe builds for 300 years.

Achieved $5-6M in donations from both large and small donors.

There also private commercial vendors on contract to City two coffees.

Extensive public consulation. Not as much input from Council. Public demanded music as it is part of culture of Nova Scotia… was not in original plans. Now have two recording studios.

High level of trust of Council to staff to ensure “we have a budget we will stay under… you let us manage it”.

Projected use: 300,000 in previous facility. 600,000 projections. 2M first year. 1.5M plateau.

You will see 15-25 year olds using the space. Benefit of community input.

Parking: (you can never make it work) 88 spots… revenue generator, but chose to build more library versus parking.

On homeless or addicted “problems”.  All peopl are welcome. The open space makes for safe feeling. There is no traditional security. Security officials walk around freely and make relationships with those in need. Engaging with them and has helped to keep security issues very rare. Also now hiring a social worker to provide support when needed.

Totally different philosophy…. open. welcoming, loud, creative, beautiful, inspiring. Books are almost secondary.

Opposition stems from “why do we need a big library. We dont need books anymore”.  They don’t realize the library space is completely different, when they engage and esp. when they see result, it is so much better.

Update 11:45AM Friday: Workshop : Tech & The Future of Public Engagement.

5G is coming from Rogers…. (workshop is sponsored by Rogers). Requires far more towers or end points. Points will be on light standards and other small places. Not towers.

Panelists (Mayor Arnold of Moncton and Bowman of Winnipeg and a city planner);

Talking mainly about things like water and sewer integration with city tech systems for better management. Also Mayor of Winnipeg talking about Waze like system where people can report things like potholes in real time in order to fix very quickly.

Also, WIFI on the bus, Mayor of Moncton says they have had wifi on the bus since 2007.

Bowman of Winnipeg has an “Office of Citizen Engagement”.

On Planning

How do you get people excited about planning??

”Visual Preference Survey” Have to really push the tools on Social Media to have any engagement work now.

On property tax

Bowman notes that Property Tax system needs to be reformed (removed). Era of large warehouse or industrial property subsidizing loval gov is over.

On Decision making.

Getting the Data out there and open and public. Harder to ignore and make poor decisions if open data and information is there for public.

More proactive watching and posting publicly of ongoing projects to show numbers and costs near real time. It avoids surprises and anger.

questions – What Role for Local Gov on Participatory engamgement

Live Stream *all* committee meetings.

But, if you put everything online, you must communicate it. Data is not enough. Has to be user friendly and digestible.

Find the balance between open and always engaging, and people being “elected to make decisions”. Bowman uses “Gecko Board”…. to measure and see facebook and social media trends. Social Media must be used to listen almost more than engage…..

You still need ads in the paper.

Join the FCM Innovation Network. 

Off now to Study Tour to the Central library hopefully!



Friday Morning Trudeau Speech live now.




Midnight Thursday – before I head to bed…

This is a heads up to inform you that I will attempt (technology permitting) to Facebook live video stream Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s speech on Friday morning on my Councillor Facebook Page.

The speech should begin at 9AM (5AM Pacific) so I will likely start just before then.  I will try to get into the room early in order to get a good vantage point.

I will also try to post a recording immediately afterward. Possibly also embedded on this website. The speech should be no more than 30 minutes.

I will also livestream the Leader of the Official Opposition, Andrew Sheer, at 3PM (11AM Pacific). And the leader of the NDP and Green Parties on Saturday and Sunday respectively.

See you tomorrow.

4:00PM Thursday – BC Networking event – Political Speakers announced!

This is an annual session for all delegates from the province of BC. There are sessions for each province, or region (like “Atlantic”).

200 meetings by BC FCM caucus with MPs, Senators, senior staff.

Political speakers:

Prime Minister tomorrow morning. Sheer Tomorrow Afternoon. Jagmeet Singh Saturday. Elizabeth May Sunday.

Also Smart Cities finalists will be announced Friday.

$243M for new Brownfield funding.

UBCM/FCM is working on a code of conduct guidelines for all BC elected officials. Expect more info from Elections BC before October elections.

3:30PM Thursday – First Day of Tours. Study Tour: how community partnerships are supporting dynamic rural centres.

The formal conference doesn’t start until Friday but the Study Tours started today at 11AM.  After a nice breakfast in the hotel with the Mayor I headed across on the fantastic ferry between Dartmouth and Halifax. It is part of the transit system like Seabus in Vancouver but has been in service in some form since 1752!  One of the oldest ferry services in the world.

We entered the conference centre to register and were greeted with a little bit of mayhem.

Here it is last night.

The conference centre was packed, this was just the one line to sign up for study tours.  I ended up having to head up to the buses to just try to get in as an extra.


Thankfully my extensive bus experience paid off when the organizers called for people who were OK with standing on a City bus.. yup! That’s me. 🙂

So off we went to a small community outside of Halifax called Musquodobolt Harbour to see their newly renovated small community centre, library and fitness centre.

They are a community of about 6000.  (This is all within the Regional Halifax Municipality which is the size of PEI!)

They took what was a pretty run down little strip mall style building (unfortunately I don’t have a before picture below is today) that looked kind of like the Gertrude Street shopping plaza with RHM.

and turned it into a very well put together modern and multi-purpose community space.

I see the potential here for us to renew buildings like Gyro or even Echo Centre or Glenwood or some of our commercial spaces.

Here is a shot of their multi-purpose rooms, the floor is a rubbery material to make it suitable for yoga classes.

We then went to a former school building that was converted in 2007 to a community space.  They actually talked more about a really interesting small regional transit service that uses small cars and vans to transport mainly seniors from the rural areas into Halifax city.  This could be a model for us perhaps to bring people to and from Port Alberni, Parksville, Qualicum and Nanaimo for health appointments or other things.

It is part of their transit system and costs about $80-$150,000 a year to operate all the vehicles and pay the drivers. The drivers are “not well payed” they said but they love their jobs because of the connections they make with community members. They are currently serving about 500-600 riders a month and are growing rapidly.

Finally, we heard from an Economic Development manager about the “Wild Islands Archipelago” of 700 islands along the Atlantic shore of the huge municipality.  They just talked about the tourism opportunities from these islands which apparently had never actually been properly explored and documented since contact.

We got a bit of a bonus with a tour of a nice new community garden. $20 a year for each box… they mulch to limit watering to almost zero though they have barrels for water.

That was it for the tour and we are going to find some late lunch before a reception this evening.  Main events start tomorrow including finding out who are finalists in the Smart Cities Challenge!

12:45PM Wednesday- Over Northern Ontario – the full program.

I have wifi on the plane but it died half way through this update… add that to the power situation and it was nearing the apocalypse on here. Thankfully, wifi returned.

We just flew over James Bay!


I did manage to download all of the FCM annual general meeting content and read that. You can see that stuff here. 

More interesting though is  the full program.

I put a bunch of stuff in my calendar a week or two ago but it looks like many of the names of the workshops have changed so below is what I am going to try to get to with links.

On Thursday I will try to get to the community partnerships supporting dynamic rural centres study tour.

There are two tours so hopefully I get in one. If I don’t get to one, I may do the Blanket Exercise, which is always powerful and would be very interesting with such a diverse group from across the country.

The study tours filled so fast that I actually only got registered into one (urban trees at work) on Saturday.  So I will just show up at the tours I am hoping for and hope for the best!

On Friday the conference really gets going with keynotes and federal politicians speaking.  I will go for the Tech workshop on engaging the public.

I will see what study tours are available. The Library (let them build it) looks cool. May also try for the urban forest even though I am signed up for saturday. We will see.

In the afternoon I will try for the workshop on “road maintenance best practice”.

On Saturday morning  I will be at the local action on national climate policy.

In the afternoon I will try if I don’t get to my urban tree study tour I will go to the Youth Forum.

On Sunday there is just one (probably giant!) workshop on cannabis legislation. I will be there.

There are only repeat study tours in the afternoon so I may take the afternoon on Sunday to explore Halifax before the big dinner.  We shall see.

That is the update from somewhere over Ontario!

Next update may not be until tonight or tomorrow. I will be landing around dinner time. I have dinner planned with colleagues from other commuities and then back to my hotel room to listen to my daughter in their ADSS band concert!

thanks for reading.

10:10AM – Somewhere over the Alberta – Saskatchewan border…

It was a 3AM wakeup call that came at 2AM since I couldn’t sleep but the transportation so far has been all on schedule.  We (Mike, Bonnie and I) departed Nanaimo at 6AM.  We arrived on time in Calgary and made the very quick connection right onto the plane to Halifax.  We have now settled in to the 4hr 50min flight, dodging thunderstorms over the prairies, and I am going to take the time to read the FCM packages.

As you would expect, the flight is full, mostly of politicians! I have heard mention of Salmon Arm and Red Deer and seen regional directors from the Nanajmo district.  Maybe the extra hot air will carry the plane along a little faster!

Be back in a little bit….

9:30PM Tuesday:

Stay tuned to this space for updates from Wednesday to Monday as I will be attending the Federation of Canadian Municipalities conference.

The Mayor (and his wife Bonnie) and I will be on a flight at 6AM tomorrow morning from Nanaimo, hopefully arriving in Halifax by 5:30PM Wednesday evening (their time).

I’m packed and ready to go and off to bed. 3AM wakeup call comes fast.

Looking forward to a week of learning, networking with 2000 other delegates from across the country, and national policy discussions with federal government.

All the programming info is here.

And here is my preliminary schedule.  I am not sure what study tours I will be on as they were very full so I will be trying to register while I am there.

I will blog more about it from the plane.



Live Blog of a Webinar with Ministry of Environment on new Open Burning Smoke Control Regs

I am about to join a Webinar on the OBSCR regs.  This webinar is directed toward large forestry users. Refresh to see updates.

Here’s the description:

The B.C. Ministry of Environment is currently working on proposed revisions to the Open Burning Smoke Control Regulation. The ministry would like to share details of the current proposal with stakeholders, seek feedback and answer questions. This webinar is aimed at large forestry operators who hold large tenures and burn large amounts of debris as part of their operations.

This should be pretty interesting!  Hopefully I can share what is said widely. I’ll share what I can. I figured this would be easier on the live blog than taking notes and compiling later…

1PM Start!  Updates down the page…
MOE is making the presentation.
Open Burning is the largest source of fine particulate matter pollution in BC.

“Open Burning has been identified has been identified as a significant contributor in the communities” in certain communities (Port Alberni is one of the 3 on the Island).

A little history on the OBSCR:


OBSCR is not meant to forbid but rather limit and prescribe where, when and how open burning can happen.

New regulation is about “tweaking the requirements” rather than adding to.

Not all types of open fires are covered under OBSCR:

Mostly “pile burns” are what are regulated by OBSCR.

“In particular the communities mentioned  exceeding the national standards… are making efforts [Port Alberni has been pushing! :))] and province should in their purview as well”.

“We are now back to a push to bring changes to our Minister [Heyman]”



Here we go to see what is being proposed:


Mapping is not yet completed yet. [But we can assume Port Alberni is likely to be in a HSSZ).

“It’s really where people live” in terms of HSSZ or MSSZ.


1.5 to 2 times more “burn days” in Low Smoke Sensitivity Zone.

[Comment from Chris:  This is concerning to me, they are basically talking about making it easier in low sensitivity zones. This might be fine, if the zones are large enough that it truly does not impact communities.  It will all come down to the maps they generate!]

2018 is actually harder on low sensitivity areas than 2016. This is good!

Next Part looks a little more like some bureaucratic detail that is less relevant to communities. More geared to remote areas/forestry.

Important slide for communities below!

Important addition below… taking into account Community Wildfire Protection Plan.


Directors powers:


Important change! OBSCR will now apply to any burn with burn greater than 10cm… bylaws from local government can further restrict if able under other legislation.

Reporting is not required currently… and is not proposed to happen yet.  This is done for emissions calculations. There is a carbon pricing mandate at the Ministry of Environment so they want to ensure they are not “counting twice”.



“many things could delay this timing”…

That’s it for the presentation.

“There is definitely a tension between air quality and wildfire goals… but we are not working cross-purposes”.


“A significant amount of the burning that wildfire service undertakes is outside the scope of OBSCR already”, so no effect from these changes.

Why are setbacks not ‘ an order of magnitude larger’.

“The setbacks are one of a suite of tools… in concert with venting requirements… limits”.

Final maps will be very detailed topographically and so take into account air sheds and communities within them.

I am going to end it there.  Great to see this moving forward!  I guess we just have to wait a little longer until fall hopefully to actually see new regulation. It sounds like we will have to go through one more open burning season before new rules take effect.


AVICC 2018 – Conference Live Blog Friday to Sunday

FINAL UPDATES.  Post is from Friday to Sunday, Top to Bottom.

Another year another AVICC conference!

This one is shaping up to be very busy again.  I will semi-live blog it throughout the weekend.  Which means posting updates here throughout the next three days.

Just yesterday given development in the news I asked that we bring forward a late motion to the floor on Sunday morning titled:



Here is the full text that we will be handing out:

Check out the poll on the side of this page to register your opinion on this question!

Aside from that, there is the usual wide array of conference sessions and materials to consider.  Things are already getting underway this morning but I am at VIU until at least 1PM this afternoon before I’ll be driving down with Councillor Minions.  I believe Councillor Sauvé and Washington are already there, Councillor Paulson is coming today and Mayor Ruttan is attending Saturday/Sunday.

Here is the Convention Program, we hope to be there by 4PM for Premier Horgan’s address this afternoon at 4PM.

You can see all of the materials from the conference including the resolutions being considered here. 

I haven’t gone through them all yet. Will have to do that later this evening. The next update will likely come Saturday morning as we start into sessions and the business of the Convention.  See you soon!  Also watch out for live video feeds. Depending on WIFI performance and battery life on my phone. 🙂

Lots has happened since I arrived here around 2PM on Friday.

Councillor Minions and I carpooled down Friday afternoon. We arrived in time to catch some of the afternoon sessions as well as the address by the Premier.

As we arrived, the Keynote from Charles Montgomery, author of Happy City was just wrapping up. From the wikipage:

Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design is a 2013 book written by the Canadian author Charles Montgomery. Gathering insights from the disciplines of psychology, neuroscience, urban planning and Montgomery’s own social experiments, the book makes the case that the manner in which we build our cities alters the way in which we feel, think, and behave as individuals and as a society. Montgomery argues that the happy city, the green city, and the low-carbon city are the same place, and we can all help build it.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7

There were great questions from the floor, this is something that needs to be on our collective reading lists.

Next was Premier Horgan’s adress. I live streamed it on Facebook, you can view it here, no login required.

Housing Session 4:45PM — This session was an update from BC Housing

$7B over 10 years in 2018 budget is the most in one province ever. Federal bilateral agreement coming soon. The stars are aligned.  Must create housing that matches need on the ground. In past has not matched.

This is one of the biggest issues in our province and country and the revenues are now being directed for a huge push.

To Zone for Rental. Property tax exemptions. –  Revitalization tax bylaw required first. The housing continuum… far left gets most press. Also working on far right important for fental and home ownership.

Need to get in on Housing Hub for Port Alberni. BC Housing is hiring additional staff for the staff to meet need. Tiny homes are not a panacea… they take a lot of land. 

BC Housing can’t mortgage them when they come in on wheels. Working on a Homeless Action Plan – from a prevention program perspective. Housing Agreements :  Peer to Peer program will be created to help Local Government work with tools like housing agreements.

7AM Saturday Morning – Social Procurement

Town of QB Social Procurement Policy 6000-3. Using the polivy to re work their Memorial Drive with a pedestrian and cycling separate path and realign dangerous intersection.

Social procurement is something we are working hard on in Port Alberni.  The Canadian Mental Health Association has had a farm on Beaver Creek Road (across from COOP) that has adhered to these principles. They are a great example.

The really interesting part about the AVICC presentation was the notion that it is about more than just helping the disadvantaged in any particular town and building that into every city project. It is about all sorts of different “social” values that the community can set that would ensure that no matter what project is ongoing at the City, the outcome reflects the community more deeply than just paving a street.

More notes from the presentation:
VICA is training, 6 weeks class 3 weeks on site.  100% of contractors said they would use potential individual if trained and available.

Social value is about more than just employing people. It is about what the community values, indigenous, environment, people.
POSSIBLE MOTION Bring membership in social hub forward to council?

Resolutions Saturday!

The rest of Saturday morning was taken up by the actual business of the conference which is mostly considering and debating motions.  It was actually quite an active session (You can see all the motions at the links at the top of the page).  The most contentious one that got the most debate was whether we should ask the BC Government to put Local Government councillors, mayors and directors back on a 3 year rotation rather than 4 years between election.

After lots of good points on both sides… most of which I agreed with on both sides, we had a close vote to keep it at 4 years. The argument for 3 years boiled down mostly to ensuring people were not scared off by the longer commitment and to give more opportunity for voters to have a say.  The argument for 4 years was that there was a much better chance to get things accomplished, particularly for new people (like myself) and it provided more ability for the community to see what a council actually could achieve before “silly season” of an election year hit.

I personally lean toward the 4 years for both of those reasons. Also this is only the first term that we have had 4 years between local elections. I think it is worth giving it another term or two before we go back to the Province and say it was a mistake to try this out.


Later on Saturday we got an update from the outgoing ICF CEO.  There was not a lot of new information, but it is good to hear the entire report from the source. There was no lack of interest. The small room it was confined to was packed.

Sunday Early Morning!

Sundays are always difficult after a long evening of networking the night before! But we hunkered down at 8AM to get back into it.  We heard from Minister Selena Robinson who is “our Minister” for Local Government. She is Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing]. Apologies, no video feed as my phone was acting badly.

She spoke of the need to address the housing crisis among other things. I was also very impressed to hear her mention climate change in our remarks and the fact that the impacts of climate change will affect local community infrastructure the most. That is where we will need to focus a huge amount of senior government dollars in order to adapt to the changes that are already here and coming soon.  I like to think that the little bit of pushing we at the City of Port Alberni did at the UBCM last September to highlight the impacts of recent flooding that has occurred more frequently, likely due in part to climate change, maybe played a role in her making that mention.

After all the talking was finished, we finally got back to the Resolutions. There was a lot of concern we would not have time to get to the one that the City of Port Alberni wanted to bring forward about Oil Spill Response but lo- and- behold we got there with just 20 minutes left in the morning!

A huge thanks to Councillors Sauvé and Minions for helping distribute the papers on all the tables on both days and also to Councillor Kirby from Oak Bay who was very active and helped both distribute and talk to people abut the importance of the motion.

The great thing about these conferences is the people you meet and learn from and the friendships you build.  This was a great example of one of those friendships helping to pass an important resolution for our community.  I hope the AVICC writes that letter soon and we see some movement from the Governments of BC and Canada to guarantee those oil spill response bases on our coast.

And that… with about 5 minutes to spare… was it!!


Vancouver Island Economic Alliance Summit report – 2017 – Updating Wed/Thurs

I am here for the VIEA Summit 2017 on behalf of Council.  I’ll be doing a report like I have done for UBCM.  It is just a two day conference with just three or four sessions that I’ll be able to attend but I have always found it to be very valuable.  Below is my schedule:

It is now 3:30PM and I’ve already had a number of great conversations with folks, from a solar installer in Nanaimo, to Sheila Malcolmsen NDP MP for Nanaimo about derelict vessels and a rep from the Coastal Community Credit Union about community funding of local agriculture!

First session I attended was on Trade and Transportation.

Here are my notes:

Keynote – Dan Tisch

Mr. Tisch spoke about the fake news phenomenon and how to manage communications with customers and clients and constituents in that new world.

He emphasized the need to create trust and how the (social) values of an organization has become extremely important to their overall reputation and success.

Openness, willingness to listen, and willingness to take and maintain principled stands will lead to success for the organization as a whole.  This is definitely something that applies to Cities as well.

VIEA Trade and Transportation Session

Short Sea Shipping –

Peter Amott – Pacific Basin

They moved log shipping (export) from Fraser port to Nanaimo because of shipping costs, delays, etc at Lower Mainland. Realized major volume increase in Nanaimo, 60 jobs.

Tabare Dominquez – DP World – Major Container Shipping (10% of world shipping). Only lift on/off (no dreyage, no trucking) on Vancouver Island for import/export to Asia.

Adam Cook – CN Rail

“Truck like service at the cost of rail” Partners with Southern Rail of VI at Annacis Island to Welcox Seaspan – BC Ferries – DP World – Steamship Lines

Alison Boulton Small Business BC – Export Navigator Pilot (also in Port Alberni through Community Futures). Facilitates communication with exporters. Export Advisor in each community…


To DP World —

Infrastructure is a significant constraint. It is fragmented.  It would be good to concentrate volume. We are ready to invest if there is more volume.

Q: Nanaimo/Alberni or Prince Rupert is place for expansion if Vancouver is maxed?
A: vancouver capacity is tight. Rupert and Island do not compete.  He sees opportunity for direct calls to the Island.


Renewable Energy Session


Solar energy installation in the world is currently at “one Site C per month”. In 10 years, world will install 1 Terawatt per year. In US, grid parity has been achieved (solar is as cheap as coal or gas) in 27 states.

Price for utility solar is now $1 per watt. Residential in US is about $2 per watt (installed). Resource on Vancouver Island is good in SE, plus Port Alberni and Comox Valley.  Maps available here.

Gave an example of Sooke first Nation for net metering (which is similar in payback to WCGH installation)

The cost needs to be below 11c/kWH to beat BC Hydro and achieve a payback.  The grah below shows the potential.  2 axis refers to the solar panels being able to track the sun horizontally and vertically.  Most installs, like WCGH are fixed (blue dots).

Nanaimo, Tofino and Comox are listed and are indicated to be just above the threshold. Port Alberni should be as well.

Renewable Natural Gas – Fortis BC

“Carbon Neutral option”. “Biogas” is injected into the conventional natural gas stream.

Take gas from landfills, farms. 200,000 GJ of NG in 2017. City of Surrey is doing a biofuel plant in 2018 that will take organics.  Will provide 120,000GJ. City of Surrey uses CNG for their garbage trucks, will potentially use RNG for their trucks will reduce their carbon footprint.

Percentage RNG – is currently 0.25% of installed capacity of traditional gas. Fortis can move up 5% or 9 petajoules per year to RNG. (How likely is this??)

VIU Allan Cumbers -Geo Exchange utilizing old Mine shafts

Water is 12°C year round.  Will be used for multiple buildings on a 3 loop system for both heating and cooling. Health and Sciences centre (being built now) will be first building.  Then Gathering Place and Building 205. Then HSC 2.  If pilot project is successful should be able to expand district system to all buildings where it makes sense to retrofit for geo-exchange.

Expect to save 320 tonnes of CO2 on first building on Phase 1, payback is 18 years.

We will be hearing from the Premier at dinner tonight. He is addressing us by video link from Victoria (due to needing to be in the Legislature for votes in the house).  Will report back tonight or tomorrow.

Thursday morning.

We started with a breakfast and keynote focusing on Earthquake preparedness and risk management and then that continued into the first session of the morning.  Here are notes from that:

  • At LA International Airport they focused on what was needed to operate. Only two things… runways and communications not buildings.  So they focused on hardening those.
  • Nothing in BC is designed to survive mega earthquake

  • Japan earthquake. Nuke damage was done by tsunami, not earthquake. The company built a 7m wall when data said it should have been 15m. Has cost Japan $1 Trillion.
  • Another nuke plant, Onagawa… undamaged. Had a 15m wall. The ground dropped in earthquake (much closer to epicnter) by 1m. Tsunami was 13.5m.  Largely undamaged and safe.

  • The risk in Vancouver Island is very high.. as high as any japan, mexico, just less frequent. Studies are often too academic.  Frequency is almost irrelevant. Focus on simple study of elevation and practical steps to harden buildings. For houses… keep them on their foundations. Bolt them down.

BC Code should be closer to Chile and California, we need to compare Canada and other codes to learn from their experience.

  • Municipalities – do a strategic risk – find the most critical pieces.
  • The building code is not always the end all be all… building code is for life saving, not business interruption. Low bidders may be life saving minimum code only… higher cost, possible business interruption which is key.

For mitigating Tsunami. Really can only build a wall (backfilled with parkland) direct the water away from downtown…. or long term plan to move people/business out of flood zone.

Film and TV Session

BC is the 3rd largest film production in North America, biggest in Canada. #1 for visual effects in the world

$2.6 Billion in production this year. $1 Billion in wages. $23 Million in wages on the Island. 50 productions on the Island, 250 filming days. Chesapeake Shores spent $5M alone. Streaming services (Amazon, Netflix, Apple, Google) will add $25 Billion to global production business.

32,000sqft of stage space in Parksville. 3-4 Million sqft of stage space in BC.  Why B.C.? -> locations. Every possible type. Episodic TV is now main source of revenue in BC.

There is no Commercial space in lower mainland. 1% vacancy. Film Commissions cannot charge fees… so are left to ask for community grants to help fund their activities.

For Film Studio space you need high ceilings,  30-40ft. Clear span no pillars. Purpose built is usually best though small productions can use smaller spaces, but are unlikely to commit long term.

Parksville is going out on a limb. Because it is a location spot, not studio.  There are numerous people on the Island and the training is key.  Need more infrastructure in terms of rentals for video and lighting and audio.  Usually if a space is built, and a long term contract found, then the rental infrastructure companies come.

Tofino was great to shoot but no hotels… so used Best Western in Port Alberni for shoots for a commercial.  Major production facilities requires 5 star hotel for the actors. So only Victoria and Vancouver currently. However, small scale commercials or TV could use production space on an interim basis.

X-Men spent $40,000 just on ferries.

Biggest takeaway is for communities to always be welcoming, not to lie or gloss over locations, and to roll with the punches.  TV Industry is extremely fast paced, last minute, and unconventional.  They respond to places that can meet their idiosyncrasies with a smile.

That’s it! It was a very quick, but very good conference.  Lots of things to take away and learn from. I’ve already sent a number of emails to a bunch of people following up about it.


My (oh my!) Mini Split Heat Pump Savings! They could be yours? :)

I just received confirmation that BC Hydro has received (by email) my application for their $800 Rebate for mini-split heat pump installs. Woot! Hopefully the cheque comes back soon. 🙂
(note the rebate is only available for mini-split not traditional heat pumps)
I could only apply for the Hydro rebate (there are a bunch!) because I got rid of my oil furnace 10 years ago when we moved into our home, but if you upgrade from an oil furnace you can apply for an extra $500 rebate from the City of Port Alberni!
The total cost was $8099.75 for the heat pump plus $163.67 for the electrical work so $8263.42 total.
It is a Fujitsu variable speed heat pump with one outdoor unit (pictured) and two indoor units.  AHRI Number 6998277.  Here is the system’s AHRI certificate.
I am super happy with the installation and the comfort level of the system compared to our electric baseboards. (or… way back when… the noisy, smelly, expensive and inefficient oil furnace!) We keep the house at a steady 20C.
The two indoor units, one larger one on the main floor and a smaller one in the basement have no trouble keeping the house (2500sqft, built 1940, EnerGuide rating 64+) warm. And both they and the outside unit are basically silent from inside the house!

We are also in the middle of replacing a roof/ceiling in our 2nd floor bathroom which means there is no insulation up there so lots of extra heat loss temporarily. (It’s chilly in there at night!).  Once that is insulated again I expect our savings to increase.

We turn the breakers off on our baseboard heaters through the summer and most of them have remained off except our two upstairs bedrooms, but those are turned down to 18C and haven’t come on yet, even with the bathroom work. 

By The Numbers

I ran some numbers comparing this time period (Oct 6-22) in 2015 and in 2016 and comparing, thanks to BC Hydro tracking average temperatures, with days of similar temperature.

I grouped days by their temperature and by year and then got an average temperature and KWh usage for that temperature for each year.

2016 is the comparable year: Average consumption since installing the system Oct 6 has been about 62% of last year: a range of between 48% and 74% of last year in kilowatt hours per day.
I used groups of temperature days at 8C, 9C, 10C, 11.5C, 12C and 12.5C… a total of about 26 days of comparison between the two years.  So differences in daily weather patterns are minimized.
If I am super conservative and take the low end savings, I get 25% off of last year’s power usage, that would be a saving on my November 2016 bill of 636kWh… all on the top tier of 12.43c/kWh which would have amounted to a savings of $79.08 on my November 2016 bill.  
If I go on the top end of the savings calculated I go as high as a 50% reduction in power usage, that would get me to 1272.5kWh less usage compared to last November’s bill which is within Tier 1. I would have saved $154.79 on that bill.

Last year was, by far, our most expensive and consumption rich year ever since moving into the house.  A combination of a very cold winter, and a family that is growing up and using more heat (kids having showers!) and finishing the basement, etc etc.

We use electricity exclusively for our energy/heating needs.  We paid a total BC Hydro bill last year between May 2016 and May 2017 of $2724.32.

A 25% savings on that would be:


A 50% savings on that would be:


per year.

Subtracting the $800 rebate, the cost of the Heat Pump would be paid for in 5 to 11 years.
I suspect that the savings will be somewhere in the middle of that range on a percentage basis, but it is of course difficult, if not impossible, to predict the monetary savings given annual weather and hydro rate variables.  It does seem certain that hydro rates will rise, and so with them, savings. A 5-10 year payoff seems quite likely and I’m OK with that. 🙂